Enhancing Crop Diversity and Livelihood Security in the Andes Through the Emergence of Agricultural Innovation Systems

Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)


The need to increase agricultural production and productivity is taking place at the same time as changes in the global agricultural economy are providing farmers with new challenges and opportunities. Enhancing agricultural productivity in mountainous areas, such as the Andes, will require new extension approaches that support the emergence of agricultural innovation systems. This chapter explores the future of farming activities in the Andes. Based on research carried out in the region, it explores the feasibility of farmers’ maintaining crop diversity and strengthening their livelihood security in the face of new challenges and opportunities. The emphasis is on new approaches to extension service delivery that stimulate increased agricultural production, contribute to collective action and foster the emergence of agricultural innovation systems. These systems link a set of heterogeneous value chain actors in a dynamic process that depends on learning, feedback loops and iterative interactions that are decidedly non-linear. The viability of farming in the Andes will depend on an enabling policy environment that encourages public and private sector interventions that lead to the fostering of these agricultural innovation systems.


Collective Action Innovation System Potato Variety Extension Modality Andean Region 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)MexicoMexico

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