Image and Video Saliency Models Improvement by Blur Identification
Visual saliency models aim at predicting where people look. In free viewing conditions, people look at relevant objects that are in focus. Assuming blurred or out-of-focus objects do not belong to the region of interest, this paper proposes a significant improvement and the validation of a saliency model by taking blur into account. Blur identification is associated to a spatio-temporal saliency model. Bottom-up models are designed to mimic the low-level processing of the human visual system and can thus detect out-of-focus objects as salient. The blur identification allows decreasing saliency values on blurred areas while increasing values on sharp areas. In order to validate our new saliency model we conducted eye-tracking experiments to record ground truth of observer’s fixations on images and videos. Blur identification significantly improves fixation prediction for natural images and videos.
KeywordsVisual attention Saliency Blur image processing
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Khan, R.A., Konik, H., Dinet, E.: Enhanced image saliency model based on blur identification. In: 25th International Conference of IVCNZ (December 2010)Google Scholar
- 4.Daly, S.: The visible differences predictor: An algorithm of image fidelity. In: Digital Images and Human Vision, pp. 179–206 (1993)Google Scholar
- 7.Le Meur, O., Thoreau, D., Le Callet, P., Barba, D.: A spatio-temporal model of the selective human visual attention. In: IEEE ICIP, vol. 3, pp. 1188–1191 (2005)Google Scholar
- 8.Koch, C., Ullman, S.: Shifts in selective visual attention: towards the underlying neural circuitry. Hum Neurobiol. 4, 219–227 (1985)Google Scholar
- 9.Tong, H.: Blur detection for digital images using wavelet transform. In: Proceedings of IEEE ICME, pp. 17–20 (2004)Google Scholar