21st Century Learning for 21st Century Skills: What Does It Mean, and How Do We Do It?

  • Richard Noss
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7563)


I want to argue in this lecture, that life – especially educational life – is never that simple. What exactly are 21st century skills? How, for example, do they differ from ‘knowledge’? And once we know what they are, does there follow a strategy – or at least a set of principles – for what learning should look like, and the roles we ascribe to technology? Most importantly, if 21st century knowledge is qualitatively different from the 19th and 20th century knowledge that characterises much of our existing curricula, we will need to consider carefully just how to make that knowledge learnable and accessible through the design of digital technologies and their evaluation.


pedagogy technology teaching learning 


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  1. 1.
    Young, M.: Bringing Knowledge Back. In: From Social Constructivism to Social Realism in the Sociology of Education. Routledge, Oxford (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Papert, S.: A Critique of Technocentrism in Thinking About the School of the Future (2012), (accessed July 16, 2012)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Noss
    • 1
  1. 1.London Knowledge Lab and Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) Research Programme, Institute of EducationUniversity of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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