Advertisement

Alternative Definitions of the Terrestrial Reference System and Its Realization in Reference Frames

  • H. Drewes
  • D. Angermann
  • M. Seitz
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 138)

Abstract

The International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) is defined by the IERS Conventions as a geocentric system with the origin in the Earth’s centre of mass. It is realized by a crust-fixed frame of reference stations (ITRF). The paper deals with alternative realizations of these specifications with the high accuracy needed in geosciences research.

A geocentric frame fixes the origin permanently in the Earth’s centre of mass, while a crust-fixed frame moves with the Earth’s crust, and the origin of the coordinate system may depart from the geocentre (“geocentre motion”). The characteristics and realizations of both definitions are discussed along with their advantages and shortcomings.

The computation of the reference frame is highly correlated with the observed network. In a global reference frame, the network stations should be distributed homogeneously over the Earth. Clusters of stations affect the frame by possible systematic (e.g. climatic) effects, in particular when applying similarity (Helmert) transformations. Densifications of the global frame in sparsely occupied regions of the network suffer from eventual distortions created by inhomogeneous station distributions.

The time evolution of the reference frames is at present done by linear station coordinate changes (constant velocities) over long time intervals only. Seasonal variations are not considered. Experiences with the Chile 2010 earthquake demonstrate the necessity of successive reference frames with short time lag. Alternatives are discussed in the paper.

Keywords

International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) Geocentric origin Crust-fixed TRF 

References

  1. Adam J, Augath W, Boucher C, Bruyninx C, Dunkley P, Gubler E, Gurtner W, Hornik H, van der Marel H, Schlueter W, Seeger H, Vermeer M, Zielinski JB (2000) The European Reference System coming of age. IAG symposia, vol 121. Springer, Berlin, pp 47–54Google Scholar
  2. Altamimi Z, Collilieux X, Legrand J, Garayt B, Boucher C (2007) ITRF2005: a new release of the international terrestrial reference frame based on time series of station positions and Earth orientation parameters. J Geophys Res 112(B09401):19. doi: 10.1029/2007JB004949 Google Scholar
  3. DeMets C, Gordon R, Argus DF, Stein S (1994) Effect of recent revisions to the geomagnetic reversal time scale on estimates of current plate motions. Geophys Res Lett 21:2191–2194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Drewes H (2009a) Reference systems, reference frames, and the geodetic datum – basic considerations. IAG symposia, vol 133. Springer, Berlin, pp 3–9Google Scholar
  5. Drewes H (2009b) The actual plate kinematic and crustal deformation model (APKIM2005) as basis for a non-rotating ITRF. IAG symposia, vol 134. Springer, Berlin, pp 95–99, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-00860-3_15
  6. Hoyer M, Arciniegas S, Pereira K, Fagard H, Maturana R, Torchetti R, Drewes H, Kumar M, Seeber G (1998) The definition and realization of the reference system in the SIRGAS project. IAG symposia, vol 118. Springer, Berlin, pp 167–173Google Scholar
  7. Petit G, Luzum B (eds) IERS Conventions (2010) IERS technical note no. 36, BKG FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  8. IAG (1992) IAG Resolutions adopted at the XXth IUGG General Assembly in Vienna 1991, Resolution No. 1. Bulletin Géodésique 66: p 132Google Scholar
  9. IUGG (1992) IUGG Resolutions adopted at the XXth IUGG General Assembly in Vienna 1991 and related to Geodesy, Resolution No. 2. Bulletin Géodésique 66: p 128Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Drewes
    • 1
  • D. Angermann
    • 1
  • M. Seitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutsches Geodätisches ForschungsinstitutMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations