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Creation of Vertical Reference Surfaces at Sea Using Altimetry and GPS

  • L. Pineau-GuillouEmail author
  • L. Dorst
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 138)

Abstract

The creation of vertical reference surfaces at sea, related to a reference ellipsoid, is a necessary step to enable the use of GPS (Global Positioning System) for referencing depth measurements at sea. Several projects exist for specific parts of the oceans, resulting in surfaces that partly overlap. As an example, we will present the French BATHYELLI project in detail, followed by a comparison of results for the North Sea area.

Keywords

Vertical references Tide Hydrography Altimetry GPS Mean sea level Lowest astronomical tide Chart datum 

References

  1. Dorst L, Slobbe C, Klees R, Verlaan M, Ligteringen T (2010) Unifying vertical reference surfaces in the North Sea: an overview of developments. In: Proceedings of hydro 2010Google Scholar
  2. Jan G (2009) Détermination des surfaces de reference pour l’hydrographie. Noveltis report for SHOMGoogle Scholar
  3. Lefèvre F, Schaeffer P, Wöppelman G (2007) Etude et fourniture de données nécessaires au calcul d’une surface moyenne océanique issue de l’altimétrie spatiale – Rapport final, CLS report for SHOMGoogle Scholar
  4. NSHC Tidal Working Group (2010) Merging and comparison of reference surfaces for the North Sea area, Annex D to the report of the 17th meeting of the NSHC-TWG to the 29th NSHC conference. Available at http://www.iho.int
  5. Pineau-Guillou L, Dupont Y (2007) Guide technique pour la réalisation des levés BATHYELLI. SHOM report GU2007-020Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.French Research Institute for Exploration of the SeaPlouzanéFrance
  2. 2.Former at French Hydrographic and Oceanographic ServiceBrestFrance
  3. 3.Hydrographic Service of the Royal Netherlands NavyThe HagueNetherlands

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