The Role of a Conventional Transformation Scheme for Vertical Reference Frames

  • C. KotsakisEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 138)


A conventional transformation between different realizations of a vertical reference system is an important tool for geodetic studies on precise vertical positioning and physical height determination. Its main role is the evaluation of the consistency for co-located vertical reference frames (VRFs) on the basis of some fundamental ‘datum perturbation’ parameters. Our scope herein is to discuss a number of key issues related to the formulation of such a VRF transformation model and to present a few examples from its practical implementation in the comparison of various existing vertical frames over Europe.


Vertical reference frames Physical height transformation 



Urs Marti from the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (SwissTopo) is acknowledged for providing the Swiss height data from the EUVN-DA project.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geodesy and SurveyingAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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