Cruise Tourism Environmental Risks
Growth of cruising tourism in Croatian Adriatic is viewed by policy makers as only through financial benefit variables, neglecting perspectives of pollution issues and biodiversity degradation. Cruisers produce environmental damage and risks that are mostly unaccounted for although, paradoxically, they could be avoided or significantly decreased. In this article those claims will be discussed by disclosing environmental risks cruising tourism produces: air emissions, communal and hazardous waste, black and gray waters, eco-toxic metals from antifouling, invasive (alien) species, hydrocarbon pollution, etc. Dubrovnik will be used as a demonstration site to asses environmental risks by using three different sets of indicators: tourism trends, pollution costs, and pollution ratios. The methodology presented here is potentially replicable to other Mediterranean destinations. Paper will close with recommendations for environmental mitigation and monitoring that could help improve quality of existing environmental management practices.
KeywordsHazardous Waste Ballast Water International Maritime Organization Gray Water Cruise Ship
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