An Ontology Based Approach to Designing Adaptive Lesson Plans in Military Training Simulators

  • D. Vijay Rao
  • Ravi Shankar
  • Lazaros Iliadis
  • V. V. S. Sarma
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 311)


Several classes of simulators have been designed in the military domain for training and operational analysis. Joint Operations Simulation System (JOpsSS) is a virtual warfare analysis system that has been developed for planning, operational analysis and evaluating joint operations. A major concern in the design and development of these simulators is the training lesson plans for trainees with different backgrounds. The design of intelligent lesson plans that are adaptable to the varied needs of the trainees is a challenging task. In this paper, we propose an ontology based design of training, learning and evaluation agents that has been used to design intelligent training systems. This approach has proved to be very effective in modelling complex and adaptive warfare scenarios. An ontology that represents the military domain concepts, context and data is used to represent and store the knowledge-base required for intelligent training simulators and designing intelligent lesson plans. The Instructor agent assesses each trainee from the past credentials for the level of lesson plans and builds a concept- graph. This is dynamically adapted to suite the level of trainee based on the responses and bridges the gap between the expected and actual competency level.


Training simulators Adaptive Lesson Plans Knowledge Representation Ontology Training Effectiveness 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Vijay Rao
    • 1
  • Ravi Shankar
    • 2
  • Lazaros Iliadis
    • 3
  • V. V. S. Sarma
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Systems Studies and AnalysesDefence Research and Development OrganisationDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Management StudiesIndian Institute of TechnologyHauz KhasIndia
  3. 3.Department of Forestry & Management of the Environment and Natural ResourcesDemocritus University of ThraceOrestiadaHellas
  4. 4.Department of Computer Science and AutomationIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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