Open Platform Semi-passive RFID Tag

  • Tzu Hao Li
  • Alexey Borisenko
  • Miodrag Bolic
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7363)


This paper presents the development of a prototype of a semi-passive Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag that is compatible with the leading UHF RFID standard EPCGlobal Generation 2 Class 1. The design allows the addition of external analog and digital sensors and in that way the tag acts as a semi-passive wireless sensor node. A standard UHF RFID reader can acquire sensor data. The tag is designed as an open platform so that the firmware in the tag can be easily modified. Test results of our open platform semi-passive UHF RFID tag demonstrated that it can achieve a read rate above 50% when an open platform semi-passive UHF RFID tag is placed four meters from the reader antenna and the reader output power is set to 21 dBm.


Wireless Sensor Network Receive Signal Strength Read Rate Open Platform Reader Antenna 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Finkenzeller, K.: RFID Handbook, 2nd edn. Wiley (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    EPCglobal Inc, EPC radio frequency identification protocols class 1 generation 2 UHF RFID protocol for communications at 860 MHz 960 MHz (2008), (accessed February 22, 2012)
  3. 3.
    Angerer, C., Holzer, M., Knerr, B., Rupp, M.: A flexible dual frequency testbed for RFID. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities, ICST (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ying, C.: A Verification Development Platform for UHF RFID Reader. In: WRI International Conference on Communications and Mobile Computing (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buettner, M., Wetherall, D.: A Gen 2 RFID monitor based on the USRP. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(3), 41–47 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jones, A.K., et al.: A field programmable RFID tag and associated design flow. In: 14th Annual IEEE Symposium on Field-Programmable Custom Computing Machines, pp. 165–174 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sample, A.P., et al.: Design of an rfid-based battery-free programmable sensing platform. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurements 57(11) (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    EM Microelectronic, 1 kbit read/write, ISO 18000-6c epc c-1 g-2 passive / battery-assisted passive contactless ic (2012), (accessed February 22, 2012)
  9. 9.
    MEMSIC, TELOSB mote platform (2011), (accessed February 22, 2011)
  10. 10.
    Dobkin, D.M., Weigand, S.M.: Environmental effects on rfid tag antennas. In: Microwave Symposium Digest (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Microchip Technology, PIC24FJ64GA004 family (2012), (accessed February 22, 2012)
  12. 12.
    Microchip Technology, Mplab integrated development environment (2012), (accessed February 22, 2012)
  13. 13.
    EPCglobal Inc., Low Level Reader Protocol (LLRP), Standard Specification version 1.1 (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dobkin, D.M.: The RF in RFID: Passive UHF RFID in Practice. Elsevier Newnes (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bolić, M., Athalye, A., Li, T.H.: Performance of passive UHF RFID systems in practice. In: RFID Systems: Research Trends and Challenges. Wiley (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    STMicroelectronics, Digital temperature sensor and thermal watchdog (2011), (accessed February 22, 2012)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tzu Hao Li
    • 1
  • Alexey Borisenko
    • 2
  • Miodrag Bolic
    • 2
  1. 1.Research In MotionOttawaCanada
  2. 2.School of Electrical Engineering and Computer SciencesUniversity of OttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations