Carl Størmer pp 129-133 | Cite as

Cooperation and Conflict with Kristian Birkeland

  • Alv EgelandEmail author
  • William J. Burke
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 393)


Because the professional and personal lives of professor Kristian Birkeland and Carl Størmer strongly intertwined, a brief curriculum vitae appears useful. Birkeland’s career spanned a watershed period when insights about electricity and magnetism, codified by Maxwell in the mid-nineteenth century, evolved from theoretical curiosities to become the basis for our present understanding of the Earth’s space environment.


Laboratory Simulation Trajectory Calculation Numerical Integration Technique Norsk Hydro Proton Precipitation 
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  1. Birkeland, Kr., 1916: Are the Solar Corpuscle Rays that Penetrate into the Earth’s Atmosphere Negative or Positive Rays.Vitenskapsselskapets skrifter, Kristiania. No 1 (27 pages).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.Institute for Scientific ResearchBoston CollegeChestnut HillUSA

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