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Simulation of Submarine Landslides by Cellular Automata Methodology

  • V. Avolio Maria
  • Bozzano Francesca
  • Di Gregorio SalvatoreEmail author
  • Lupiano Valeria
  • Mazzanti Paolo
Chapter

Abstract

Numerical modelling is a powerful tool for assessing risk related to submarine landslides and their possible consequences (i.e. impact on structures, induced tsunamis, etc.). To this aim, the simulation of the propagation phase of flow-like landslides is particularly important. A new model (named SCIDDICA-SS2), which is based on the Macroscopic Cellular Automata computational paradigm, has been specifically designed for the simulation of coastal and underwater landslides. SCIDDICA-SS2 is a fully 3D model based on the equivalent fluid approach. It accounts for the most important mechanism controlling the propagation of an underwater landslide as well as peculiar mechanisms like erosion of the seabed, hydroplaning and air to water impact (in the case of coastal landslides). The 1997 debris flow (subaerial–submerged landslide) at Lake Albano (Italy), the 2008 submarine debris flow at Bagnara Calabra (Italy) and the 1888 submarine debris flow at Trondheim (Norway) have been simulated by SCIDDICA-SS2, showing its high performances in simulating submarine landslides.

Keywords

Cellular automata Flow-like landslides Modelling Propagation SCIDDICA 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Avolio Maria
    • 1
  • Bozzano Francesca
    • 2
    • 3
  • Di Gregorio Salvatore
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lupiano Valeria
    • 4
  • Mazzanti Paolo
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity Of CalabriaRendeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, “Sapienza”Università di RomaRomeItaly
  3. 3.NHAZCA S.r.l., spin-off “Sapienza”Università di RomaRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity Of CalabriaRendeItaly

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