Modern Seismogenic Landslides Caused by the Pamir-Hindu Kush Earthquakes and Their Consequences in Central Asia

  • Rustam Niyazov
  • Bakhtiar NurtaevEmail author


When studying the effect of seismic events the development of landslides and mud flows in Central Asia, special attention has to be spent to the influence of deep earthquakes from the Pamir-Hindu Kush zone. A preliminary comparative analysis of the synchronicity in time of Pamir-Hindu Kush earthquakes and the dates of formation of large landslides during the period from 1969 to 2011 showed that more than 100 cases of landslides in the south of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan could be attributed to effects of those deep and far earthquakes. These earthquakes in Central Asia caused low-frequency (1–5 Hz) prolonged (2–3 min) ground motions able to trigger processes of compaction, liquefaction and displacement of loess soils on moist slopes in spring time. Several examples of the combined effect of two spatial factors – precipitation and earthquakes on the time, place and mechanism of landslides, which occurred in last years in Central Asia, are presented in this paper.


Large-scale landslides Earthquakes Triggering mechanism Case study 


  1. Keefer DK (1984) Landslides caused by earthquakes. Bull Geol Soc Am 95:406–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Lukk AA, Nersesov IL (1970) Deep Pamir-Hindu Kush earthquakes. In: Nauka M (ed) Earthquakes in the USSR in 1966. Nauka Publishing House, Moscow, pp 118–137Google Scholar
  3. Niyazov RA (1974) Landslides in loess soils in south eastern part of Uzbekistan. FAN, Tashkent, 148pGoogle Scholar
  4. Niyazov RA (2009) Landslides in Uzbekistan. FAN, Tashkent, 207 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Niyazov RA, Nurtaev BS (2010) Landslides of liquefaction, caused by the joint influence of rainfall and long distant earthquakes. In: Problems of seismology in Uzbekistan, vol II. FAN, Tashkent, pp 29–54Google Scholar
  6. Wieczorek GF, Glade T (2005) Climatic factors influencing occurrence of debris flow. In: Jacob H (ed) Debris flow hazard and related phenomena. Springer, Berlin, pp 325–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering GeologyInstitute HydroingeoTashkentUzbekistan
  2. 2.Department of GeophysicsInstitute of Geology and GeophysicsTashkentUzbekistan

Personalised recommendations