Statistical Analysis of Deep-Seated Landslides Induced by Recent Strong Earthquakes in Eastern Japan: An Approach Based on Pre-Existing Landslide Topography

  • Bateer HasiEmail author
  • Kiyoteru Maruyama
  • Akira Nakamura
  • Tomoyuki Noro


This paper conducted logistic regression analysis for earthquake-induced landslides within pre-existing landslide topographies. We constructed logistic regression model by using landslides data set of the Chuetsu earthquake, Niigata Prefecture, 2004. The results showed that surface roughness and marginal erosion ratio are the most influential factors for the landslide occurrence. The model was validated by the part of landslides data set of the Chuetsu earthquake and the Iwate-Miyagi inland earthquake, 2008. Based on ROC curves, the AUC is larger than 0.8, showed a good prediction accuracy and suggested the method is useful.


Landslide Earthquake Logistic regression Chuetsu Iwate-Miyagi Japan 



The authors would like to express their appreciation to Dr. Edwin L. Harp for detailed review and helpful suggestions on ways to improve the paper.


  1. AIST (2009) Active fault database of Japan, June 23, 2009 version, Research information database DB095. National Institute of Advanced Science and Technology, Scholar
  2. Ayalew L, Yamagishi H (2005) The application of GIS-based logistic regression for landslide susceptibility mapping in the Kakuda-Yahiko Mountains, Central Japan. Geomorphology 65:15–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chang KT, Chiang SH, Hsu ML (2007) Modeling typhoon-and earthquake-induced landslides in a mountainous watershed using logistic regression. Geomorphology 89:335–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chigira M, Yagi H (2006) Geological and geomorphological characteristics of landslides triggered by the 2004 Mid Niigata prefecture earthquake in Japan. Eng Geol 82:202–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chigira M, Wu XY, Inokuchi T, Wang GH (2010) Landslides induced by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, Sichuan, China. Geomorphology 118:225–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Craig LA, Beech AR, Brown KD (2007) Methodological considerations when estimating actuarial sexual recidivism risk. Forensic Update 91(2007):32–39Google Scholar
  7. Dai FC, Lee CF (2002) Landslide characteristics and slope instability modeling using GIS, Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Geomorphology 42:213–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dong JJ, Tung YH, Chen CC, Liao JJ, Pan YW (2009) Discriminant analysis of the geomorphic characteristics and stability of landside dams. Geomorphology 110:162–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garcia-Rodriguez MJ, Malpica JA, Benito B, Diaz M (2008) Susceptibility assessment of earthquake-triggered landslides in El Salvador using logistic regression. Geomorphology 95:172–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. GSI (Geospatial Information Authority of Japan) (2009) 1: 25,000 detailed active fault map (active fault, geomorphological classification and deformation) of the 2008 Iwate-Miyagi inland earthquake, Technical report of Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, D.1-No.541 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  11. Guzzetti F, Carrara A, Cardinali M, Reichenbach P (1999) Landslide hazard evolution: a review of current techniques and their application in a multi-scale study, Central Italy. Geomorphology 31:181–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kobayashi I, Tateishi, M, Yoshida T, Shimazu M (1991) Geology of the Nagaoka district, with geological sheet map at 1:50,000, Geological Survey of Japan, 199pp (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  13. Marui H, Yagi H, Yoshimatsu H, Chigira M, Abe S (2006) Report of the field reconnaissance and inspection on landslides induced by the 2005 Northern Pakistan Earthquake. J Jpn Landslide Soc 43(2):48–51, in Japanese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  14. Meunier P, Hovius N, Haines J (2008) Topographic site effects and the location of earthquake induced landslides. Earth Planetary Sci Lett. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.020
  15. NIED (National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention) (2011) Landslide distribution maps, Accessed 24 April 2011
  16. Niigata Prefecture (2009) Damages by the huge 2004 Chuetsu earthquake (last report), Niigata prefecture press report, p 4Google Scholar
  17. Osawa A, Takisawa F (1992) The geological map atlas of Japan, northeastern Japan region. Asakura Publishing, Tokyo, 135p (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  18. Owen LA, Kamp U, Khattak GA, Harp EL, Keefer DK, Bauer MA (2008) Landslides triggered by the 8 October 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Geomorphology 94:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Süzen ML, Doyuran V (2004) A comparison of the GIS based landslide susceptibility assessment method: multivariate versus bivariate. Environ Geol 45:665–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Suzuki S, Has B, Maruyama K, Ishii Y (2010) Risk evaluation of earthquake-induced landslide based on analysis of erosion condition on landslide marginal part. In: Chen Su-Chin (ed) Interpraevent2010-symposium proceedings, pp 898–901Google Scholar
  21. Takada N (2007) New techniques for interpreting and applying the results of logistic regression analysis-an example of the credit scoring model-, IMB professional’s papers, ProVISION №53/spring 2007:71–77 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  22. Takeuchi K, Yanagisawa S, Miyazaki J, Ozaki M (2004) 1:50,000 digital geological map of Chuetsu Uonuma district(Ver.1), Geological survey center research report, no. 412, AISTGoogle Scholar
  23. The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion (2011) Long term assessment for active fault. Accessed 24 April 2011
  24. Ushiyama M, Ohta Y (2009) Characteristicsof death or missing caused by the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake in 2008, J.JSNDS28-1:59-66(in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  25. Yagi H, Sato G, Higaki D, Yamamoto M, Yamasaki T (2009) Distribution and characteristics of landslides induced by the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake in 2008 in Tohoku district, northeast Japan. Landslides 6:335–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yanagisawa Y, Kobayashi I, Takeuchi K, Tateishi M, Chihara K (1986) Geology of the Ojiya district, with geological map sheet at 1:50,000. Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba-shi, 177p, in Japanese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  27. Yin YP, Wang FW, Sun P (2009) Landslide hazards triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, Sichuan, China. Landslides. doi: 10.1007/s10346-009-0148-

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bateer Hasi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kiyoteru Maruyama
    • 1
  • Akira Nakamura
    • 1
  • Tomoyuki Noro
    • 1
  1. 1.Snow Avalanche and Landslide Research Center, PWRIMyoko-shiJapan
  2. 2.Now at Asia Air Survey, Co., Ltd.KawasakiJapan

Personalised recommendations