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Nature Image Feature Extraction Using Several Sparse Variants of Non-negative Matrix Factorization Algorithm

  • Li Shang
  • Yan Zhou
  • Jie Chen
  • Wen-jun Huai
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7368)

Abstract

Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is an efficient local feature extraction algorithm of natural images. To extract well features of natural images, some sparse variants of NMF, such as sparse NMF (SNMF), local NMF (LNMF), and NMF with sparseness constraints (NMFSC), have been explored. Here, used face images and palmprint images as test images, and considered different number of feature basis dimension, the validity of feature extraction using SNMF, LNMF and NMFSC is testified. Experimental results demonstrate that the level of feature extraction of LNMF is the best, and that of NMFSC is the worse, which also provides some guidance to use different NMF based algorithm in image processing task, and our task in this paper behave certain theory research meaning and application in practice.

Keywords

Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) Local NMF (LNMF) Sparse NMF (SNMF) NMF with sparseness constraints (NMFSC) Local feature bases Image feature extraction 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Shang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yan Zhou
    • 1
  • Jie Chen
    • 1
  • Wen-jun Huai
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronic Information EngineeringSuzhou Vocational UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of AutomationUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

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