A Rock Fall Analysis Study in Parnassos Area, Central Greece

  • George PapathanassiouEmail author
  • Vasilis Marinos
  • Dimitris Vogiatzis
  • Sotiris Valkaniotis


The paper presents the kinematics of rock instability of a high promontory, where Tithorea village is situated, in the Central Greece peninsula. The instability phenomena pose a significant threat on the town situated immediately down slope. Rock fall episodes occurred in the past, as it has been noted by local authorities and published reports. A more recent rockfall is investigated in this paper, which caused considerable damages to two village houses. The detailed rock fall path was mapped obtaining more than 15 hit points and rolled on different scree and vegetation material till it stopped and crushed upon the house roofs. The predominant types of kinematic instability are of planar or wedge failure and toppling of large blocks. In order to investigate the existing stability conditions and decide upon the protection measures, rockfall analysis was carried out. Such an analysis can be compared in detail with the actual situation, since the geometrical data of the recent rockfall incident are very accurate. On the other hand, other parameters of rockfall hazard such as the run-out distance of the boulders was examined.


Rockfall Hazard Limestone Protection measures Run-out distance Tithorea Greece 


  1. Copons R, Vilaplana JM (2008) Rockfall susceptibility zoning at a larger scale: from geomorphological inventory to preliminary land use planning. Eng Geol 102:142–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dorren L (2003) A review of rockfall mechanics and modelling approaches. Prog Phys Geogr 27:69–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans SG, Hungr O (1993) The assessment of rockfall hazard at the base talus. Can Geotech J 30:620–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ganas A, White K (1996) Neotectonic fault segments and footwall geomorphology in Eastern Central Greece from Landsat TM data. Geol Soc Greece Spec Publ 6:169–175Google Scholar
  5. Heim A (1932) Bergsturz und menschenleben. Beiblatt zur Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zurich 77:218Google Scholar
  6. Hsu KJ (1975) Catastrophic debris streams generated by rockfalls. Geol Soc Am 86:129–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lied K (1977) Rockfall problems in Norway, Bergamo publication, vol 90. Instituto Sperimentale Modelli e Strutture, Bergamo, pp 51–53Google Scholar
  8. Meibl G (2001) Modeling the runout distances of rockfalls using a geographic information system. Z Geomorphol 125:129–137Google Scholar
  9. Mercier JL, Delibassis N, Gauthier A, Jarrige JJ, Lemeille F, Philip H, Sebrier M, Sorel D (1979) La néotectonique de l’Arc Égéen. Rev Geol Dyn Geogr Phys 21(1):67–92Google Scholar
  10. Petje U, Ribicic M, Mikos M (2005) Computer simulation of stone falls and rockfalls. Acta Geographica Slovenica 45(2):93–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Philip H (1974) Etude néotectonique des rivages égéens en Locride et Eubée nordoccidentale (Grèce). Thèse doc. sp., Acad. de Montpelier, 86pGoogle Scholar
  12. Renz C (1940) Die tektonik der griechischen Gebirge. Pragm Akad Athino 8:171sGoogle Scholar
  13. Robotham ME, Wang H, Walton G (1995) Assessment of risk from rockfall from active and abandoned quarry slopes. Trans Inst Min Metal Sect A 104:A25–A33Google Scholar
  14. Rouiller JD, Jaboyedoff M, Marro Ch, Philippossian F, Mamin M (1998) Pentes instables dans le Pennique valaisan. Rapport final du programme national de Recherche PNR 31/CREALP, vol 98, 239pGoogle Scholar
  15. Stevens W (1998) Rocfall: a tool for probabilistic analysis, design of remedial measures and prediction of rockfalls. M.A.Sc. thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Ontario, 105pGoogle Scholar
  16. Valkaniotis S (2009) Correlation between neotectonic structures and seismicity in the broader area of Gulf of Corinth (Central Greece). Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 247pGoogle Scholar
  17. Varnes DJ (1978) Slope movements types and processes. In: Schruster RL, Krizek RJ (eds) Landslide analysis and control, vol 176, Transportation research board, special report. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, pp 11–33Google Scholar
  18. Wieczorek GF, Morrisey MM, Iovine G, Godt J (1999) Rock-fall potential in the Yosemite Valley, California, vol 99–578, USGS Open file report. U.S. Geological Survey, RestonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Papathanassiou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vasilis Marinos
    • 1
  • Dimitris Vogiatzis
    • 1
  • Sotiris Valkaniotis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations