Hand-Geometry Based Recognition System

A Non Restricted Acquisition Approach
  • Hélder Matos
  • Hélder P. Oliveira
  • Filipe Magalhães
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7325)


Hand-geometry biometric recognition is normally based on the detection of five points that correspond to the fingertips and four points between them (valley points). Specific methods often have to be implemented during the acquisition stage to make the detection of those points easier. This study presents techniques that have been developed to overcome the difficulties and limitations of the current systems. Moreover, a hand-geometry based recognition system that has no constraints during image acquisition is presented.

A methodology was developed based on the hand skeleton for the points on the fingertips and for the valley points it was based on the curvature of the hand contour. The principal difficulties were found during the segmentation step, which often fails if the fingers are not spread out. Once the points have been located, the necessary features for authentication were extracted. Classification algorithms were implemented at this stage. Those showing the best results presented a Genuine Acceptance Rate (GAR) of 76% and 8% for the False Acceptance Rate (FAR).


Biometric recognition Hand geometry Hand database Characteristic points detection 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hélder Matos
    • 1
  • Hélder P. Oliveira
    • 1
  • Filipe Magalhães
    • 1
  1. 1.INESC TEC (formerly INESC Porto) and FEUPUniversidade do PortoPortoPortugal

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