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Kindliche Krankheits konzepte

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Nach Leventhal et al. (1984) lassen sich fünf Komponenten subjektiver Krankheitskonzepte im Erwachsenenalter unterscheiden, die sich in ähnlicher Weise auch im Kindesalter differenzieren lassen. Es handelt sich um Wissen über a) Krankheitssymptome, b) Krankheitsverursachungen, c) Krankheitsverläufe, d) die Konsequenzen von Erkrankungen und e) Behandlungsmöglichkeiten. Bei allen Komponenten lassen sich Entwicklungsveränderungen vom Kindes- bis in das Erwachsenenalter hinein beobachten. Im Folgenden soll zunächst kurz auf theoretische Grundlagen der Konzeptentwicklung im Kindesalter eingegangen werden, bevor dann auf die wichtigsten Entwicklungslinien bei der Entstehung von Krankheitskonzepten eingegangen werden soll. Im Anschluss folgt eine Übersicht zu den kindlichen Vorstellungen zur Krankheitsbewältigung sowie zu den Konzepten über Tod und Sterben. Den Abschluss dieses Kapitels bildet ein kurzer Überblick zu den Möglichkeiten, Krankheitskonzepte von Kindern zu erheben.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fachbereich PsychologiePhilipps-Universität MarburgMarburgDeutschland

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