Notes about the London Underground Map as an Iconic Artifact
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The icon is defined as a sign whose manipulation reveals, by direct observation of its intrinsic property, some information on its object. The London Underground Map is an example of an artifact used to represent part-part/part-whole relations of the largest underground systems of the world. It provides a powerful semiotic niche built for extraction and manipulation of relations. This paper explores the design of the London Underground Map through the notion of iconic artifact.
Keywordsdiagram information design cognitive artifacts cognitive niche
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