Notes about the London Underground Map as an Iconic Artifact

  • Breno Bitarello
  • Pedro Atã
  • João Queiroz
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7352)


The icon is defined as a sign whose manipulation reveals, by direct observation of its intrinsic property, some information on its object. The London Underground Map is an example of an artifact used to represent part-part/part-whole relations of the largest underground systems of the world. It provides a powerful semiotic niche built for extraction and manipulation of relations. This paper explores the design of the London Underground Map through the notion of iconic artifact.


diagram information design cognitive artifacts cognitive niche 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Breno Bitarello
    • 1
  • Pedro Atã
    • 2
  • João Queiroz
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of Rio de JaneiroSuperior School of Industrial DesignRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Institute of Arts and DesignJuiz de ForaBrazil

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