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Invasive Alien Plants and Their Effects on Native Microbial Soil Communities

  • T. SteinleinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 74)

Abstract

Invasion ecology has become a significant issue in contemporary ecological research. Detecting the success of alien plant species in invading native plant communities (invasiveness) and observing the plant community’s ability to repel this invasion (invasibility) are central topics. In this chapter, the interaction of the native soil community with the alien invader is discussed. The first section describes plant traits of successful invaders that may dramatically alter soil community’s composition. Then the effects of exotics on soil structure, physical properties of soils, and changes in nutrient cycling are analyzed. In addition to this biogeographical aspects, the reactions of soil communities in the native and nonnative range of alien invaders are compared and assessed. The second part describes the interaction of invaders with soil pathogens, mutualistic fungi and bacteria, and decomposers.

Keywords

Home Range Mycorrhizal Fungus Invasive Plant Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Alien Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Experimental and Systems EcologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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