Challenges of Model-Based Systems Engineering: A Study towards Unified Term Understanding and the State of Usage of SysML

  • Albert AlbersEmail author
  • Christian Zingel
Part of the Lecture Notes in Production Engineering book series (LNPE)


Model-Based Systems Engineering is on everyone’s lips as innovative approach to overcome traditional, error-prone document-based product development. The Systems Modeling Language (SysML) is the most popular tool for model-based development of multidisciplinary systems. Several research works and industrial pilot projects have applied the OMG-standardized language in the last years, but it has still not become widely accepted. Previous experiences of the authors from several research projects with industry underline this statement and have shown that engineers still have trouble in applying SysML. This paper investigates possible reasons for this issue and presents results of a survey regarding term understanding of engineers as well as acceptance of SysML.


Term understanding Common Engineering Language SysML Systems Modeling Language Acceptance 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Friedenthal, S., Moore, A., Steiner, R.: A practical Guide to SysML – The Systems Modeling Language, 2nd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tazir, N.: Viel diskutiert, selten wirklich angewendet - Systems Engineering. In: Produkt-Daten Journal (February 2011) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bone, M., Cloutier, R.: MBSE Survey Results (Summary). Stevens Institute of Technology (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Estefan, J.: Survey of Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) Methodologies. INCOSE MBSE Focus Group (2008),
  5. 5.
    Kasser, J.: Seven Systems Engineering Myths and the corresponding Realities. In: Proceedings of the Systems Engineering Test and Evaluation Conference, Adelaide, Australia (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Friedenthal, S.: SysML: Lessons from Early Applications and Future Directions. In: INCOSE INSIGHT, vol. 12(4). INCOSE (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Karban, R., Hauber, R., Weilkiens, T.: MBSE in Telescope Modeling. In: INCOSE INSIGHT, vol. 12(4). INCOSE (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eckert, C., Alink, T., Ruckpaul, A., Albers, A.: Different notions of function: results from an experiment on the analysis of an existing product. Journal of Engineering Design (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vermaas, P.: Technical Functions: Towards Accepting Different Engineering. In: International Symposium Series on Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering (TMCE), Ancona, Italy (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Matthiesen, S.: Seven Years of Product Development in Industry – Experiences and Requirements for Supporting Engineering Design with ‘thinking tools’. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED), Copenhagen (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Albers, A., Zingel, C.: Interdisciplinary Systems Modeling Using the Contact & Channel-model for SysML. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 2011), Copenhagen, Denmark (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zingel, C., Albers, A., Matthiesen, S., Maletz, M.: Experiences and Advancements from One Year of Explorative Application of an Integrated Model-Based Development Technique Using C&C²-A in SysML. IAENG International Journal of Computer Science 39(2) (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lamm, J.G., Weilkiens, T.: Functional Architectures in SysML. In: Proceedings of the Tag des Systems Engineering (TdSE), Munich, Germany (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Korff, A., Lamm, J.G., Weilkiens, T.: Werkzeuge für den Schmied funktionaler Architekturen. In: Proceedings of the Tag des Systems Engineering (TdSE 2011), Hamburg, Germany (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Albers, A., Zingel, C.: Extending SysML for Engineering Designers by Integration of the Contact & Channel – Approach (C&C²-A) for Function-Based Modeling of Technical Systems. In: Proceedings of the Conference on Systems Engineering Research (CSER 2013), Atlanta, Georgia, USA (accepted 2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IPEK – Institute of Product EngineeringKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations