A Reference Framework for Manual Assembly Simulation

  • Néstor Andrés Arteaga MartínEmail author
  • Thomas Bär
  • Rainer Stark
Part of the Lecture Notes in Production Engineering book series (LNPE)


This paper starts highlighting the importance of simulating manual assembly processes in the automotive industry and shortly presenting current available modeling possibilities. It then introduces a reference framework for modeling and simulation in the context of manual assembly process verification and presents a set of available simulation approaches. It concludes by proposing a methodology to assess the quality of different methods and technologies to verify planned manual assembly processes without using the classical physical prototype based approach.


assembly simulation manual assembly automotive assembly 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Michalos, G., Makris, S., Papakostas, N., Mourtzis, D., Chryssolouris, G.: Automotive assembly technologies review: challenges and outlook for a flexible and adaptive approach. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology 2(2), 81–91 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Maropoulos, P.G., Ceglarek, D.: Design verification and validation in product lifecycle. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology 59(2), 40–759 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Feldmann, K., Slama, S.: Highly flexible Assembly – Scope and Justification. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology 50(2), 489–498 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weber, J.: Automotive Development Processes - Processes for Successful Customer Oriented Vehicle Development. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Morello, L., Rosti Rossini, L., Pia, G., Tonoli, A.: The Automotive Body - Volume I: Components Design. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. (2011) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chryssolouris, G., Papakostas, N., Mavrikios, D.: A perspective on manufacturing strategy: Produce more with less. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology 1(1), 45–52 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stark, R., Krause, F.-L., Kind, C., Rothenburg, U., Müller, P., Hayka, H., Stöckert, H.: Competing in engineering design—The role of Virtual Product Creation. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology 3(3), 175–184 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    CIRP: Dictionary of Production Engineering. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gutiérrez, M.A., Vexo, F., Thalmann, D.: Stepping into Virtual Reality. Springer-Verlag London Limited, London (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lämkull, D., Hanson, L., Örtengren, R.: A comparative study of digital human modelling simulation results and their outcomes in reality: A case study within manual assembly of automobiles. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 39(2), 428–441 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fritzsche, L., Jendrusch, R., Leidholdt, W., Bauer, S., Jäckel, T., Pirger, A.: Introducing ema (Editor for Manual Work Activities) – A New Tool for Enhancing Accuracy and Efficiency of Human Simulations in Digital Production Planning. In: Duffy, V.G. (ed.) ICDHM 2011. LNCS, vol. 6777, pp. 272–281. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fox, J., Arena, D., Bailenson, J.N.: Virtual Reality - A Survival Guide for the Social Scientist. Journal of Media Psychology: Theories, Methods, and Applications 21(3), 95–113 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bordegoni, M., Cugini, U., Caruso, G., Polistina, S.: Mixed prototyping for product assessment: a reference Framework. International Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing 3(3), 177–187 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lindeman, R.W., Sibert, J.L., Hahn, J.K.: Hand-held windows: Towards effective 2D interaction in immersive virtual environments. In: IEEE Virtual Reality 1999, pp. 205–212 (1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lockett, J.F., Assmann, E., Green, R., Reed, M.P., Raschke, U., Verriest, J.-P.: Digital Human Modelling Research and Development User Needs Panel. In: 2005 SAE Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering Symposium, Iowa-city (2005)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ong, S.K., Wang, Z.B.: Augmented assembly technologies based on 3D bare-hand interaction. CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology 60, 1–4 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Stark, R., Beckmann-Dobrev, B., Schulze, E.-E., Adenauer, J., Israel, J.H.: Smart Hybrid Prototyping zur multimodalen Erlebbarkeit virtueller Prototypen innerhalb der Produktentstehung. In: Lichtenstein, A. (ed.) Der Mensch im Mittelpunkt technischer Systeme. 8. Berliner Werkstatt Mensch-Maschine-Systeme 2009. VDI-Verlag, Berlin (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stoffregen, T.A., Pagulayan, R., Smart, L.J., Bardy, B.G.: On the Nature and Evaluation of Fidelity in Virtual Environments. In: Hettinger, L.J., Haas, M. (eds.) Virtual and Adaptive Environments, Applications, Implications, and Human Performance Issues, pp. 111–128. LEA Publishers Mahwah, New Jersey (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Néstor Andrés Arteaga Martín
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas Bär
    • 1
  • Rainer Stark
    • 2
  1. 1.Production Oriented Product ValidationDaimler AGUlmGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology IPKBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations