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Factors Affecting Production of Outer Membrane Vesicles

  • S N ChatterjeeEmail author
  • Keya Chaudhuri
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Microbiology book series (BRIEFSMICROBIOL)

Abstract

The production of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) by Gram-negative bacteria is influenced by many different factors. Pathogenic bacteria produce more OMVs than the non-pathogenic ones and OMVs are also produced within the infected hosts. The amount of OMVs produced under different growth conditions varies, and the structure of LPS on the outer membrane significantly influences OMV production. Bacteria treated with antibiotics such as gentamicin produce numerous OMVs that are different from the native OMVs in structure and chemical composition. Similarly, bacteria under stress also produce more OMVs. Thus the OMVs are produced to favor the growth and survival of the parent bacteria under challenging conditions.

Keywords

Natural and unnatural OMVs Pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria Growth conditions LPS structure Infected host Antibiotic treatment Stress response 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BiophysicsFormerly of Saha Institute of Nuclear PhysicsKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Molecular and Human Genetics DivisionIndian Institute of Chemical BiologyKolkataIndia

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