Advertisement

Discovery of the Outer Membrane Vesicles: Revisiting Contemporary Works

  • S. N. ChatterjeeEmail author
  • Keya Chaudhuri
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Microbiology book series (BRIEFSMICROBIOL)

Abstract

The discovery and mechanism of formation and release of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) by the actively growing Vibrio cholerae cells and their interpretation as a novel secretion mechanism are revisited. Also a brief account of contemporary works, an initial criticism describing that the OMVs were of artifactual origin and the subsequent re-establishment of the fact that the OMVs are not a product of cell lysis and are formed during the active growth of Gram-negative bacteria, have also been revisited for the historical record.

Keyword

OMVs Discovery Mode of formation  Criticism Confirmation Contemporary works 

References

  1. Avakian AA, Sinel’nikova MP, Pereverzev NA, Gurskii IuN (1972) Electron microscopic study of biopsied sections of small intestine mucosa in patients with cholera and characteristics of the ultrastructure of causative agents of cholera in relation to toxinogenesis. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 49:86–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bayer ME, Anderson TF (1965) The surface structure of Escherichia coli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 54:1592–1599PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bishop DG, Work E (1965) An extracellular glycolipid produced by Escherichia coli grown under lysine-limiting conditions. Biochem J 96:567–576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bladen HA, Mergenhagen SE (1964) Ultrastructure of veillonella and morphological correlation of an outer membrane with particles associated with endotoxic activity. J Bacteriol 88:1482–1492PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bladen HA, Waters JF (1963) Electron microscopic study of some strains of bacteroides. J Bacteriol 86:1339–1344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Chatterjee D, Chaudhuri K (2011) Association of cholera toxin with Vibrio cholerae outer membrane vesicles which are internalized by human intestinal epithelial cells. FEBS Lett 585:1357–1362PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chatterjee SN, Das J (1966) Secretory activity of Vibrio cholerae as evidenced by electron microscopy. In: Uyeda (ed) Electron Microscopy 1966. Maruzen Co. Ltd, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  8. Chatterjee SN, Das J (1967) Electron microscopic observations on the excretion of cell-wall material by Vibrio cholerae. J Gen Microbiol 49:1–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chatterjee SN, Sur P (1974) Surface blebs on Vibrio cholerae cells. In: Saders JV, Goodchild D (eds) Canberra, Australia, pp 652–653Google Scholar
  10. Chatterjee SN, Adhikari PC, Maiti M, Chaudhuri CR, Sur P (1974) Growth of Vibrio cholerae cells: biochemical and electron microscopic study. Indian J Exp Biol 12:35–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chaudhuri K, Chatterjee SN (2009) Cholera toxins. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De SN (1959) Enterotoxicity of bacteria-free culture-filtrate of Vibrio cholerae. Nature 183:1533–1534PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Petris S (1967) Ultrastructure of the cell wall of Escherichia coli and chemical nature of its constituent layers. J Ultrastruct Res 19:45–83PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Devoe IW, Gilchrist JE (1973) Release of endotoxin in the form of cell wall blebs during in vitro growth of Neisseria meningitidis. J Exp Med 138:1156–1167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Farkas-Himsley H, Kormendy A, Jayawardene A (1971) Electron microscopy of Vibrio comma during vibriocin production. Cytobios 3:97–116Google Scholar
  16. Horstman AL, Kuehn MJ (2002) Bacterial surface association of heat-labile enterotoxin through lipopolysaccharide after secretion via the general secretory pathway. J Biol Chem 277:32538–32545PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kennedy JR, Richardson SH (1969) Fine structure of Vibrio cholerae during toxin production. J Bacteriol 100:1393–1401PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Knox KW, Vesk M, Work E (1966) Relation between excreted lipopolysaccharide complexes and surface structures of a lysine-limited culture of Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol 92:1206–1217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kuehn MJ, Kesty NC (2005) Bacterial outer membrane vesicles and the host-pathogen interaction. Genes Dev 19:2645–2655PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kushnarov VM (1971) Mikrobiologogie 40:918–923Google Scholar
  21. McBroom AJ, Johnson AP, Vemulapalli S, Kuehn MJ (2006) Outer membrane vesicle production by Escherichia coli is independent of membrane instability. J Bacteriol 188:5385–5392PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mug-Opstelten D, Witholt B (1978) Preferential release of new outer membrane fragments by exponentially growing Escherichia coli. Biochim Biophys Acta 508:287–295PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Palade GE (1961) The secretory process of the pancreatic cell. In: Boyd JD, Johnson FR, Lever JD (eds) Électron microscopy in anatomy. Arnold, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Pike RM, Chandler CH (1975) Partial purification and properties of somatic antigen spontaneously released from Vibrio cholerae. Infect Immun 12:187–192PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Work E, Denman RF (1953) The use of a bacterial culture fluid as a source of alpha-diaminopimelic acid. Biochim Biophys Acta 10:183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Work E, Knox KW, Vesk M (1966) The chemistry and electron microscopy of an extracellular lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli. Ann N Y Acad Sci 133:438–449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yaganza ES, Rioux D, Simard M, Arul J, Tweddell RJ (2004) Ultrastructural alterations of Erwinia carotovora subsp. Atroseptica caused by treatment with aluminum chloride and sodium metabisulfite. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:6800–6808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhou L, Srisatjaluk R, Justus DE, Doyle RJ (1998) On the origin of membrane vesicles in gram-negative bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Lett 163:223–228PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BiophysicsFormerly of Saha Institute of Nuclear PhysicsKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Molecular and Human Genetics DivisionIndian Institute of Chemical BiologyKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations