Advertisement

Energy-Oriented Models for WDM Networks

  • Sergio Ricciardi
  • Davide Careglio
  • Francesco Palmieri
  • Ugo Fiore
  • Germán Santos-Boada
  • Josep Solé-Pareta
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 66)

Abstract

A realistic energy-oriented model is necessary to formally characterize the energy consumption and the consequent carbon footprint of actual and future high-capacity WDM networks. The energy model describes the energy consumption of the various network elements (NE) and predicts their energy consumption behavior under different traffic loads and for the diverse traffic types, including all optical and electronic traffic, O/E/O conversions, 3R regenerations, add/drop multiplexing, etc. Besides, it has to be scalable and simple to implement, manage and modify according to the new architecture and technologies advancements. In this paper, we discuss the most relevant energy models present in the literature highlighting possible advantages, drawbacks and utilization scenarios in order to provide the research community with an overview over the different energy characterization frameworks that are currently being employed in WDM networks. We also present a comprehensive energy model which accounts for the foreseen energy-aware architectures and the growth rate predictions which tries to collect the main benefits of the previous models while maintaining low complexity and, thus, high scalability.

Keywords

Energy-oriented models evolutionary energy-aware WDM networks 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gartner press release (2007), http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=503867
  2. 2.
    An inefficient Truth by the Global Action Plan, http://www.globalactionplan.org.uk/upload/resource/Full-report.pdf
  3. 3.
    SMART 2020: Enabling the low carbon economy in the information age, The climate group (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Global Action Plan Report, An inefficient truth (2007), http://www.globalactionplan.org.uk/
  5. 5.
    Pileri, S.: Energy and Communication: engine of the human progress. In: INTELEC 2007 keynote, Rome, Italy (September 2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Souchon Foll, L.: TIC et Énergétique: Techniques d’estimation de consommation sur la hauteur, la structure et l’évolution de l’impact des TIC en France, Ph.D. dissertation, Orange Labs/Institut National des Télécommunications (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    EU Spring Summit, Brussels (March 2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Telefónica supplement, The environment and climate change, 2008 special report on corporate responsibility (April 2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lange, C.: Energy-related Aspects in Backbone Networks. In: Proc. ECOC 2009, Vienna, Austria (September 2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tucker, R.S., Parthiban, R., Baliga, J., Hinton, K., Ayre, R.W.A., Sorin, W.V.: Evolution of WDM Optical IP Networks: A Cost and Energy Perspective. IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technologies 27(3), 243–252 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nature Photonics Technology Conference 2007, Tokyo, Japan (October 2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saunders, H.D.: The Khazzoom-Brookes postulate and neoclassical growth. The Energy Journal (October 1992)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    St Arnaud, B.: ICT and Global Warming: Opportunities for Innovation and Economic Growth, http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgbgjrct\2767dxpbdvcf
  15. 15.
    Chabarek, J., Sommers, J., Barford, P., Estan, C., Tsiang, D., Wright, S.: Power awareness in network design and routing. In: Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Gupta, M., Singh, S.: Greening of the Internet. In: Proc. ACM SIGCOMM 2003, Karlsruhe, Germany (August 2003)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Muhammad, A., Monti, P., Cerutti, I., Wosinska, L., Castoldi, P., Tzanakaki, A.: Energy-Efficient WDM Network Planning with Protection Resources in Sleep Mode. In: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2010), December 6-10, pp. 1–5 (2010), doi:10.1109/GLOCOM.2010.5683205Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vereecken, W., Van Heddeghem, W., Colle, D., Pickavet, M., Demeester, P.: Overall ICT footprint and green communication technologies. In: Proc. of ISCCSP 2010, Limassol, Cyprus (March 2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
    Feng, M.Z., Hilton, K., Ayre, R., Tucker, R.: Reducing NGN Energy Consumption with IP/SDH/WDM. In: Proc. 1st International Conference on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking, Passau, Germany, pp. 187–190 (2010) ISBN:978-1-4503-0042-1Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chiaraviglio, L., Mellia, M., Neri, F.: Energy-aware Backbone Networks: a Case Study. In: GreenComm – First International Workshop on Green Communications, Dresden, Germany (June 2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Van Heddeghem, W., De Groote, M., Vereecken, W., Colle, D., Pickavet, M., Demeester, P.: Energy-Efficiency in Telecommunications Networks: Link-by-Link versus End-to-End Grooming. In: Proc. of ONDM 2010, Kyoto, Japan, February 1-3 (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tucker, R.S.: Modelling Energy Consumption in IP Networks, http://www.cisco.com/web/about/ac50/ac207/crc_new/events/assets/cgrs_energy_consumption_ip.pdf (retrieved)
  25. 25.
    Moore, G.E.: Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Electronics 38(8), April 19 (1965)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gilder, G.F.: Telecosm: How Infinite Bandwidth Will Revolutionize Our World. The Free Press, NY (2000)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    BONE project, WP 21 Topical Project Green Optical Networks: Report on year 1 and updated plan for activities, NoE, FP7-ICT-2007-1 216863, BONE project (December 2009)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Aleksic, S.: Analysis of Power Consumption in Future High-Capacity Network Nodes. Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 1(3), 245–258 (2009)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Ricciardi
    • 1
  • Davide Careglio
    • 1
  • Francesco Palmieri
    • 2
  • Ugo Fiore
    • 3
  • Germán Santos-Boada
    • 1
  • Josep Solé-Pareta
    • 1
  1. 1.CCABAUniversitat Politécnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.DIISeconda Università di NapoliAversaItaly
  3. 3.CSIUniversità di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations