Practical Multi-antenna Spatial Reuse in WLANs

  • Sriram Lakshmanan
  • Karthik Sundaresan
  • Mohammad Khojastepour
  • Sampath Rangarajan
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 66)


Smart antennas can improve spatial reuse in a wireless network through interference suppression. However, interference suppression requires support from clients in the form of channel estimation, which existing clients do not support. In this work, we explore practical solutions to obtain spatial reuse with smart antennas without requiring hardware changes to clients. To this end, we design a novel solution for improving spatial reuse in indoor WLANs which uses ‘approximate’ channel estimates and still yields close to ideal performance. Our solution called Light-weight Multi-Antenna Spatial Reuse (LSR) consists of (i) a multi-link channel estimation scheme that can be realized with simple Received Signal Strength (RSSI) measurements that existing WLAN clients provide readily, (ii) a low-complexity scheduler to decide the subset of beamformed links that must be active concurrently. We demonstrate that the estimates obtained using this scheme when used with a multi-link beamforming technique such as Zero Forcing yields significant interference suppression benefits. We implement the channel estimation scheme on a testbed of software radio clients to demonstrate its practical feasibility. Further, we evaluate the performance of LSR using extensive signal strength traces from 802.11g Access Points equipped with eight element antenna arrays in an indoor office environment. The results indicate that LSR achieves close to the performance obtained with an optimal scheme that uses accurate channel estimates and also improves the median sum rate of indoor users by up to 2.7x over competing approaches.


smart antennas spatial reuse interference suppression 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sriram Lakshmanan
    • 1
  • Karthik Sundaresan
    • 2
  • Mohammad Khojastepour
    • 2
  • Sampath Rangarajan
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ECEGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.NEC Laboratories America Inc.PrincetonUSA

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