Advertisement

Chameleon: On the Energy Efficiency of Exploiting Multiple Frequencies in Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Jing Li
  • Wenjie Zeng
  • Anish Arora
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 66)

Abstract

We consider the energy efficiency of medium access control (MAC) in low power wireless communication where multiple channels are available and the duty cycle of (send, receive, and idle) channel access is controllable. We show that in this setting maximization of MAC energy efficiency reduces to maximizing the aggregate channel utilization and minimizing the aggregate duty cycle channel access. Based on the reduction, we show the theoretical existence of centralized, global information protocols which achieve optimal energy efficiency in terms of channel assignment and duty cycle scheduling. Then, towards practically realizing these protocols in a distributed fashion with local information only, we present Chameleon, which assigns channels based on lightweight estimation of channel utilization and adapts the duty cycle of node reception relative to the incoming traffic. Chameleon improves energy efficiency and channel utilization not only among users internal to the network, but also in the presence of external users that share the spectrum. We compare Chameleon with state-of-the-art single-channel and multi-channel protocols. Our experimental results show substantial energy efficiency gains over these protocols, which range from an average of 24% to 66%.

Keywords

Energy Efficiency Multichannel Duty Cycling Wireless Sensor Network TinyOS 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    CC2420 Datasheet, http://www.ti.com
  2. 2.
    Ahmed, N., Kanhere, S., Jha, S.: Multi-channel interference measurements for wireless sensor networks (poster). In: IPSNGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bahl, P., Chandra, R.: SSCH: Slotted seeded channel hopping for capacity improvement in ieee 802.11 ad-hoc wireless networks. In: MobiCom, pp. 216–230 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buettner, M., Yee, G., Anderson, E., Han, R.: X-MAC: A short preamble mac protocol for duty-cycled wireless sensor networkGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cao, H., Parker, K.W., Arora, A.: O-MAC: A receiver centric power management protocol. In: The 14th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols, ICNP (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dutta, P., Culler, D.: Practical asynchronous neighbor discovery and rendezvous for mobile sensing applications. In: SenSys, pp. 71–84 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Halkes, G.P., Langendoen, K.G.: Crankshaft: An Energy-Efficient MAC-Protocol for Dense Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Langendoen, K.G., Voigt, T. (eds.) EWSN 2007. LNCS, vol. 4373, pp. 228–244. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jain, N., Das, S.R., Nasipuri, A.: A multichannel csma mac protocol with receiver-based channel selection for multihop wireless networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE, IC3N (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim, Y., Shin, H., Cha, H.: Y-MAC: An energy-efficient multi-channel mac protocol for dense wireless sensor networks. In: IPSN, pp. 53–63 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Le, H.K., Henriksson, D., Abdelzaher, T.: A control theory approach to throughput optimization in multi-channel collection sensor networks. In: The 6th International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Le, H.K., Henriksson, D., Abdelzaher, T.: A practical multi-channel media access control protocol for wireless sensor networks. In: IPSN, pp. 70–81 (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, J., Arora, A.: Chameleon. Technical Report OSU-CISRC-11/09-TR52, The Ohio State University, CSE (2009)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Moss, D., Levis, P.: BoX-MACs: Exploiting physical and link layer boundaries in low-power networking. In: Technical Report SING-08-00Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    So, J., Vaidya, N.: Multi-channel mac for ad hoc networks: Handling multi-channel hidden terminals using a single transceiver. In: ACM MobiHoc (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sun, Y., Gurewitz, O., Johnson, D.B.: RI-MAC: A receiver-initiated asynchronous duty cycle mac protocol for dynamic traffic loads in wireless sensor networks. In: SenSys, pp. 1–14 (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wu, Y., Stankovic, J.A., He, T., Lin, S.: Realistic and efficient multi-channel communications in wireless sensor networks. In: Infocom, pp. 1193–1201 (2008)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang, J., Zhou, G., Huang, C., Son, S.H., Stankovic, J.A.: TMMAC: An energy efficient multi-channel mac protocol for ad hoc networks. In: IEEE ICC (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhou, G., Huang, C., Yan, T., He, T., Stankovic, J., Abdelzaher, T.: MMSN: Multi-frequency media access control for wireless sensor networks. In: The 25th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communication, Infocom (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Li
    • 1
  • Wenjie Zeng
    • 1
  • Anish Arora
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringThe Ohio State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations