Biological Clocks and Differentiation

  • Johannes F. KnabeEmail author
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 428)


[Bonner(2001)] has pointed out the key importance of inventing a stimulus-response system for the evolution of live on earth, in addition to metabolism and replication. As incessant responsiveness [West-Eberhard(2003)] and the basis of signalling it has come to be a characteristic of life on earth. Not all organismal responses to external stimuli are simple reactive responses, but behaviour generally depends also on the organism’s internal state - and this state can reflect environmental processes as is the case in biological clocks (section 4.2.1) - such internalisation can be evolutionarily advantageous in noisy environments.


Environmental Stimulus Boolean Network Target Output Output Behaviour Input Stimulus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Technology Research InstituteUniversity of HertfordshireHatfieldUnited Kingdom

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