Performance of Adders with Logical Optimization in FPGA

  • R. UmaEmail author
  • P. Dhavachelvan
Part of the Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing book series (AINSC, volume 166)


Addition is an indispensable operation for any high speed digital system, digital signal processing or control system. Therefore, careful optimization of the adder is of the greatest importance. This optimization can be attained in two levels; it can be circuit or logic optimization. In circuit optimization the size of transistors are manipulated, where as in logic optimization the Boolean equations are rearranged (or manipulated) to optimize speed, area and power consumption. In this work technology independent logic optimization is used to design 1-bit full adder with 20 different Boolean expressions and its performance is analyzed in terms of transistor count, delay and power dissipation using Tanner EDA with TSMC MOSIS 250nm technology. All the Boolean expressions are realized in terms of CMOS logic. From the analysis the optimized equation is chosen to construct a full adder circuit in terms of multiplexer. This logic optimized multiplexer based adders are incorporated in selected existing adders like ripple carry adder, carry look-ahead adder, carry skip adder, carry select adder, carry increment adder and carry save adder and its performance is analyzed in terms of area (slices used) and maximum combinational path delay as a function of size. The target FPGA device chosen for the implementation of these adders was Xilinx ISE 12.1 Spartan3E XC3S500-5FG320. Each adder type was implemented with bit sizes of: 8, 16, 32, 64 bits. This variety of sizes will provide with more insight about the performance of each adder in terms of area and delay as a function of size.


Digital signal processing Carry ripple adder Carry Look-ahead adder FPGA VLSI logic optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science, School of EngineeringPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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