The military operation of the European Union in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2003 – Artemis – was the first military operation of the EU without recourse to NATO assets and capabilities. France acted as the Framework Nation of the operation which was aimed, inter alia, at contributing to the stabilization of the security conditions and the improvement of the humanitarian situation in Bunia. The operation was conducted in accordance with the United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1484 (30 May 2003).
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