Specifying and Enforcing Norms in Artificial Institutions: A Retrospective Review

  • Nicoletta Fornara
  • Marco Colombetti
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7169)


In this short contribution we explain how our research has evolved from the publication of the following paper [2] with respect to its relevant aspects. This paper proposes a model of norms whose content is related to time, which are specified at design time and therefore are expressed in terms of roles played by the agents. Those norms have an activation event that is used to express the template of the events that when happen, provided that certain conditions hold, transform the norm in a social commitment. This dynamic evolution of norms is formalized by means of ECA-rules. Another relevant contribution is that the model of norms presented in this paper makes it possible to specify two types of sanctions for norms enforcement: active sanctions and passive sanctions.


Multiagent System Java Program Social Commitment Event Calculus Norm Enforcement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
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  2. 2.
    Fornara, N., Colombetti, M.: Specifying and Enforcing Norms in Artificial Institutions. In: Baldoni, M., Son, T.C., van Riemsdijk, M.B., Winikoff, M. (eds.) DALT 2008. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 5397, pp. 1–17. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hitzler, P., Krötzsch, M., Rudolph, S.: Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies. Chapman & Hall/CRC (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicoletta Fornara
    • 1
  • Marco Colombetti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Università della Svizzera italianaLuganoSwitzerland
  2. 2.Politecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

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