Human Ecosystems

  • Gunther Geller
  • Detlef Glücklich


Ecosystems are systems, consisting of living beings, interrelated among themselves and with their environment (other ecosystems including the planetary ecosystem Gaia).


  1. Baldwin, Chr. 1998. Calling the Circle. The First and Future Culture. Bantam Books, New York: 245.Google Scholar
  2. Ludema, J., Whitney, D., Mohr, B., Griffin, Th. 2003. The Appreciative Inquiry Summit. A Practioner´s Guide for Leading Large Group Change. Berret-Koehler, San Francisco: 310.Google Scholar
  3. Scharmer, C.O. 2007. U-Theory. Leading from the Future as it Emerges. The Social Technology of Presencing. SoL, Cambridge MA: 533.Google Scholar
  4. Tomásek, W. 1979. Die Stadt als Ökosystem. Überlegungen zum Vorentwurf Landschaftsplan Köln–Landschaft+Stadt. 11: 51–60.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunther Geller
    • 1
  • Detlef Glücklich
    • 2
  1. 1.Ingenieurökologische Vereinigung IÖVAugsburgGermany
  2. 2.Bureau for Sustainable DesignBuchholz Holm-SeppensenGermany

Personalised recommendations