Analysis of Transport Parameters for a Cr(VI) Contaminated Aquifer in México

  • Lázaro Raymundo Reyes-GutiérrezEmail author
  • Ramiro Rodríguez-Castillo
  • Elizabeth Teresita Romero-Guzmán
  • José Alfredo Ramos-Leal
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In the Buenavista area of Leon City, Mexico, Cr(VI) groundwater contamination was detected, originating from an industrial landfill with chromium compounds. A 2D vertical simulation model was established for the Buenavista study area. Laboratory and field data were incorporated into a finite element groundwater flow model and a solute transport model to analyze the transport parameters in the Buenavista shallow aquifer. A sensitivity analysis was performed to obtain values representative of the transport parameters (hydraulic conductivity [K], longitudinal, horizontal and vertical transverse dispersivities [αL, αTV], distribution coefficient [K d ], the initial concentration [Co] and pumping rates [Q]). This analysis allowed a good calibration of the model. The incorporation of the resulting set of parameters in the finite element model enabled the reproduction the observed contaminant plume in Buenavista close to 95 % match. The values obtained were αL = 50.0 m, αTV = 2.5 m, K d  = 0.007 mL/g, Co = 160 mg/L and Q = 100 m3/d. The sensitivity analysis indicated that the dispersion of the Cr(VI) plume is most sensitive to variations in hydraulic conductivity, the distribution coefficient, longitudinal and transverse dispersivity and pumping rates. In addition to the sensitivity analysis, it was observed that Q strongly affects the plume geometry.


Hydraulic Conductivity Shallow Aquifer Transport Parameter Numerical Dispersion Vertical Hydraulic Conductivity 
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The authors wish to thank Chemical Central for its open doors policy. To Miss. Ellen Sue Weiss by technical help in English review of manuscript and we wish to thank her.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lázaro Raymundo Reyes-Gutiérrez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ramiro Rodríguez-Castillo
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Teresita Romero-Guzmán
    • 1
  • José Alfredo Ramos-Leal
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares ININ MexicoMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de GeofísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAMMexicoMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica A.C., IPICyTSan Luis PotosíMexico

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