A Modified ACO Algorithm for the Pattern Synthesis of Array Antennas

  • Ke TenglongEmail author
  • Zhao Xiaoying
  • Wu Jian
  • Ding Yihan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 134)


In order to solve the array antenna pattern problem, a modified ACO algorithm is proposed. The standard ant colony optimization algorithm has the drawbacks of easily trapping in local optimum and difficult to optimize continuous function. In the modified algorithm, discordant encoding to variable and optimization in vicinity are employed, and results in improvement of the search ability and not easily trapping in local optimum. Computer simulation shows that the algorithm may obtain good results.


array antenna pattern ACO local optimum optimization in vicinity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Zhao, R.-F., Tan, Z.-H., Jiang, H.-L.: Smart Antennas for Wireless Systems. Chinese Journal of Electronics 28(12), 78–80 (2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mailloux, R.J.: Phased Array Antenna Handbook, pp. 88–98. Publishing House Of Electronics Industry, Beijing (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Colomi, A., Dorigo, M., Maniezzo, V., et al.: Distributed optimization by ant colonies. In: Proceedings of European Conference on Artificial Life, pp. 134–142 (1991)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dorigo, M., Gambardella, L.M.: Ant colony system: A cooperative learning approach to the traveling salesman problem. IEEE Trans. on Evolutionary Computing 1(1), 53–56 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Colorni, A., Dorigo, M., Maniezzo, V.: Ant colony system for job-shop scheduling. Begian J of Operations Research Statistics and Computer Science 34(1), 39–53 (1994)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Duan, H.-B.: Ant Colony Algorithms Theory and Applications, pp. 24–42. Science Press, Beijing (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Óscar, Q., Eva, R.: Ant Colony Optimization in Thinned Array Synthesis With Minimum Sidelobe Level. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 5, 349–352 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu, X.-M., Zhang, J., Chung, H.S.-H., Li, Y., Liu, O.: SamACO: Variable Sampling Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Continuous Optimization. IEEE Transaction on Systems, Man, And Cybernetics 40(6), 1555–1566 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ke Tenglong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhao Xiaoying
    • 1
  • Wu Jian
    • 1
  • Ding Yihan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations