North Atlantic Hurricane Climate Change Experiment

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The recent increase of North Atlantic TC activity has attracted considerable attention especially since the exceptional hurricane season of 2005. Causes for this increase have been hotly debated in an attempt to determine whether it is within a range of natural variability, the result of global warming, or merely a byproduct of an inhomogeneous TC record.


Vertical Wind Shear Community Climate System Model Version Bias Correction Method Main Development Region Atlantic Meridional Mode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Broccoli A, Manabe S (1990) Can existing climate models be used to study anthropogenic changes in tropical cyclone climate? Geophys Res Lett 17:1917–1920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bruyere C, Holland GJ, Suzuki-Parker A, Done J (2010) Lessons learned from North American Regional Climate Model (NRCM) experiments. 29th conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, American Meteorological Society (Preprints)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Camargo S, Sobel A, Anthony G, Emanuel K (2007) Tropical cyclone genesis potential index in climate models. Tellus A 59:428–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Collins WD et al (2006) The community climate system model version 3(CCSM3). J Climate 19:2122–2143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Done JM, Holland GJ, Bruyere C Leung LR, Suzuki-Parker A, Michalakes J (2012) Modeling high impact weather and climate: the tropical cyclone experience. BAMS (in preparation)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Emanuel K (2005) Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 436:686–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Giorgi F, Mearns L (1999) Introduction to special section: regional climate modeling revisited. J Geophys Res 104(D6):6335–6352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gray W (1968) Global view of the origin of tropical disturbances and storms. Mon Wea Rev 96(10):669–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gray W (1984) Atlantic seasonal hurricane frequency. Part I: El Nino and 30 mb quasi-biennial oscillation influences. Mon Wea Rev 112:1649–1668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gu G, Adler RF (2009) Interannual variability of boreal summer rainfall in the equatorial Atlantic. Int J Climatol 29(2):175–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Holland G, Webster P (2007) Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend? Phil Trans R Soc A 365:2695–2716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Holland G, Done J, Bruyere C, Cooper C, Suzuki-Parker A (2010) Model investigation of the effects of climate variability and change on future Gulf of Mexico tropical cyclone activity. OTC Metocean 2010, pp 13Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hoyos C, Agudelo P, Webster P, Curry J (2005) Deconvolution of the factors contributing to the increase in global hurricane intensity. Science 312:94–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull Amer Met Soc 77(3):437–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Knapp K, Kruk M, Hevinson D, Diamond H, Neumann C (2010) The international best track archive for climate stewardship (IBTrACS). Bull Amer Met Soc 91:363–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Knutson T, Manabe S (1995) Time-mean response over the tropical Pacific to increased CO2 in a coupled ocean-atmosphere model. J Climate 8:2181–2199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Knutson T, Sirutis J, Garner S, Held I (2007) Simulation of the recent multidecadal increase of Atlantic hurricane activity using an 18-km-grid regional model. Bull Amer Soc 88:1549–1565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kossin J, Vimont J (2007) A more general framework for understanding Atlantic hurricane variability and trends. Bull Amer Met Soc 88(11):1767–1781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Marks FD (2003) Hurricanes. In: Encyclopedia of atmospheric sciences. Elsevier Science Ltd, London, pp 942–966Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miguez-Macho G, Stenchikov GL, Robock A (2005) Regional climate simulations over North America: interaction of local processes with improved large-scale flow. J Climate 18:1227–1246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Murakami H, Wang B (2010) Future change of North Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks: projection by a 20-km-mesh global atmospheric model. J Climate 23:1699–2721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Nobre P, Shukla J (1996) Variations of sea surface temperature, wind stress, and rainfall over the tropical Atlantic and South America. J Clim 9:2464–2479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Oouchi K, Yoshimura J, Yoshimura H, Mizuta R, Kusunoki S, Noda A (2006) Tropical cyclone climatology in a global-warming climate as simulated in a 20 km-mesh global atmosphere model: frequency and wind intensity analysis. J Met Soc Japan 84(2):259–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Randall DA et al (2007) Climate models and their evaluation. In: Solomon S et al (ed) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 589–662 (chap. 8)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Saunders M, Lea A (2008) Large contribution of sea surface warming to recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity. Nature 451(7178):557–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shaman J, Esbensen S, Maloney E (2009) The dynamics of the ENSO-Atlantic hurricane teleconnection: ENSO-related changes to the North African-Asian jet affect Atlantic basin tropical cyclogenesis. J Clim 22:2458–2482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shapiro LJ (1987) Month-to-month variability of the Atlantic tropical circulation and its relationship to tropical storm formation. Mon Wea Rev 115(11):2598–2614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sugi M, Murakami H, Yoshimura J (2009) A reduction in global tropical cyclone frequency due to global warming. SOLA 5:164–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Swanson K (2008) Nonlocality of Atlantic tropical cyclone intensities. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 9. doi: 10.1029/2007GC001844
  30. 30.
    Tsutsui J (2002) Implication of anthropogenic climate change for tropical cyclone activity: a case study with the NCAR CCM2. J Met Soc Japan 80(1):45–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Vecchi G, Solden B (2007) Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity. Nature 450(7172):1066–1070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Walsh K, Nguyen K-C, McGregor J (2004) Fine-resolution regional climate model simulations of the impact of climate change on tropical cyclones near Australia. Clim Dynm 22(1):47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Webster P, Holland G, Curry J, Chang H (2005) Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment. Science 309:1844–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wu L, Tao L, Ding Q (2010) Influence of sea surface warming on environmental factors affecting long-term changes of Atlantic tropical cyclone formation. J Clim 23(22):5978–5989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhao M, Held I, Lin S-L, Vecchi G (2009) Simulations of global hurricane climatology, interannual variability, and response to global warming using a 50-km resolution GCM. J Clim 22(24):6653–6678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhang Y, Wang H, Sun J, Drange H (2010) Changes in the tropical cyclone genesis potential index over north pacific in the SRES A2 scenario. Adv Atmos Sci 27:1246–1258CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth Atmospheric SciencesGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations