Design and Evaluation of a Hybrid Intelligent Broadcast Algorithm for Alert Message Dissemination in VANETs

  • Ihn-Han Bae
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 195)


Vehicular ad hoc network is an emerging new technology and a promising platform for the intelligent transportation system. The most important application of VANET is disseminating emergency messages to warn drivers in case of dangerous events. The core technique relies on the design of a broadcast scheme. In this paper, we propose a hybrid intelligent broadcast algorithm for alert message dissemination in VANETs that is called Hi-CAST. To deliver alert message effectively, the proposed Hi-CAST algorithm uses delay and probabilistic broadcast protocols together with token protocol. The performance of the Hi-CAST is evaluated through simulation and compared with that of other alert message dissemination algorithms.


Alert message dissemination delay broadcast probabilistic broadcast token protocol vehicular ad hoc networks 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lee, J.-F., Wang, C.-S., Chuang, M.-C.: Fast and Reliable Emergency Message Dissemination Mechanism in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 1–6 (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wisitpongphan, N., Tonguz, O.K., Parikh, J.S., Mudalige, P., Bai, F., Sadekar, V.: Broadcast Storm Mitigation Techniques in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. IEEE Wireless Communications 14(6), 84–94 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tonguz, O., Wisitpongphan, N., Bait, F., Mudaliget, P., Sadekart, V.: Broadcasting VANET. In: Proceeding ACM VANET, pp. 1–6 (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Suriyapaibonwattana, K., Pomavalai, C.: An Effective Safety Alert Broadcast Algorithm for VANET. In: International Symposium on Communications and Information Technologies, pp. 247–250 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Suriyapaibonwattana, K., Pornavalai, C., Chakraborty, G.: An Adaptive Alert Message Dissemination Protocol for VANET to Improve Road Safety. In: FUZZ-IEEE, pp. 20–24 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Haas, Z.J., Halpern, J.Y., Li, L.: Gossip-based Ad Hoc Routing. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 14, 479–491 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tonguz, O.K., Wisitpongphan, N., Parikh, J.S., Bai, F., Mudalige, P., Sadekar, V.K.: On the Broadcast Storm Problem in Ad hoc Wireless Networks. In: 3rd International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, pp. 1–11 (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, D., Huang, H., Li, X., Li, M., Tang, F.: A Distance-Based Directional Broadcast Protocol for Urban Vehicular Ad Hoc Network. In: International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, pp. 1520–1523 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kay, M. G.: Basic Concepts in Matlab. Dept. of Industrial and System Engineering, North Carolina State University,

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ihn-Han Bae
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer and Information Communication Eng.Catholic University of DaeguSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations