Intra-cardiac 3D ultrasound imaging has enabled new minimally invasive procedures. Its narrow field of view, however, limits its efficacy in guiding beating heart procedures where geometrically complex and spatially extended moving anatomic structures are often involved. In this paper, we present a system that performs electrocardiograph gated 4D mosaicing and visualization of 3DUS volumes. Real-time operation is enabled by GPU implementation. The method is validated on phantom and porcine heart data.


3D ultrasound electromagnetic tracking graphic processing unit volume mosaicing volume registration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura J. Brattain
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert D. Howe
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard School of Engineering and Applied SciencesCambrigeUSA
  2. 2.MIT Lincoln LaboratoryLexingtonUSA

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