Gender and Age Influence in Handwriting Performance in Children and Adolescents

  • M. Genna
  • A. Accardo
Conference paper
Part of the IFMBE Proceedings book series (IFMBE, volume 37)


Development of fine motor skills, especially drawing and handwriting, plays a crucial role in school performance and, more generally, in autonomy of everyday life.

Moreover, a variety of neurological and psychiatric conditions in childhood and adolescence could stunt the normal motor and cognitive development [1].

In recent years, the analysis of handwriting movements, that allows objective quantitative kinematic analyses of writing quality, has been directly performed through digitizing tablets. This technology has been used to acquire and successively characterize the handwriting process [2] by measuring parameters extracted from the basic elements of writing, such as components and strokes.

In order to study the normal development of some kinematic parameters of handwriting movements (such as length, duration, mean and peak velocity of components and strokes) and determine the influence of gender we examined the writing responses of two hundred and eighteen children and adolescents.

Cursive writing was acquired by a digital tablet and its dynamic aspects were studied in five different experimental conditions: two repetitive sequences of le and uno, a series of numbers (in letters) in ascending order and a sentence written in two different ways.

Some results show that in the first grades of Primary school, females have better performances than males.


Gender handwriting kinematic analysis motor skill age school 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Genna
    • 1
  • A. Accardo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering and Information TechnologyUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly

Personalised recommendations