Realizing an Interoperable and Secure Smart Grid on a National Scale

  • George W. Arnold
Part of the Energy Systems book series (ENERGY)


The structure of the electrical system has not changed much since it was first developed: it is characterized by the one-way flow of electricity from centralized power generation plants to users. The smart grid will enable the dynamic, two-way flow of electricity and information needed to support growing use of distributed green generation sources (such as wind and solar), widespread use of electric vehicles, and ubiquitous intelligent appliances and buildings that can dynamically adjust power consumption in response to real-time electricity pricing. The realization of the smart grid is a huge undertaking requiring an unprecedented level of cooperation and coordination across the private and public sectors. A robust, interoperable framework of technical standards is critical to making it happen.


Cyber security Electric transportation Energy management Interoperability Renewable energy Smart grid Standards 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • George W. Arnold
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of CommerceNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

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