Advertisement

Electric Interconnections in the Andes Community: Threats and Opportunities

  • Enzo Sauma
  • Samuel Jerardino
  • Carlos Barria
  • Rodrigo Marambio
  • Alberto Brugman
  • José Mejía
Chapter
Part of the Energy Systems book series (ENERGY)

Abstract

The increasing costs of electricity and the difficulties to expand the power generation capacity, as well as the need for increasing the energy security levels, have enhanced the potential benefits of the electric interconnection among countries and the formation of sub-regional energy markets.

In this context, this paper identifies some sustainable and technically feasible alternatives for electric exchange through interconnections among the electric systems of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. In particular, we assess such interconnections from an economic perspective and identify the main barriers for their development. The analysis is carried out at the pre-feasibility level from both private and social point of views, based on the assessment of different investment alternatives in the transmission systems among the aforementioned countries. The modeling of the different future economic operation conditions for each one of the considered electric systems, and for each one of the assessed scenarios, is a central element of the analysis.

Keywords

Interconnected power systems Power system economics Power transmission economics Stochastic dynamic programming Transmission lines 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thanks the valuable comments of Carlos Ferruz, Juan Liu, Andy Garcia, Pia Bravo, Manuel Maiguashca and the comments received during the four meetings organized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in the context of the UNDP project “Estudio para Análisis de Prefactibilidad Técnico Económica de Interconexión Eléctrica entre Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú” [7].

References

  1. 1.
    Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN) (2002) Decisión del Acuerdo de Cartagena 536: Marco General para la interconexión subregional de sistemas eléctricos e intercambio intracomunitario de electricidad (Cartagena Agreement Decision N. 536: General Framework for the Sub-regional Interconnection of Electric Systems and Intra-communities Electricity Exchange). Year XIX, N.º 878, 19 of December of 2002. http://www.comunidadandina.org/normativa/dec/D536.htm
  2. 2.
    Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN) (1969) Acuerdo de Integración Subregional Andino del 26 de mayo de 1969 – Acuerdo de Cartagena (Andes Sub-regional Integration Agreement of May, 26th of 1969 – Cartagena Agreement). http://www.comunidadandina.org/normativa.htm
  3. 3.
    Hammons T, De Franco N, Sbertoli L, Khelil C, Rudnick H, Clerici A, Longhi A (1997) Energy market integration in South America. IEEE Power Eng Rev 17(8):6–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rudnick H (1997) South American experience in deregulation of the electricity energy industry. IEEE/IEE Future of the Energy Business International Conference, Toronto, Canada, 17–18 Nov 1997Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hammons T, Corredor P, Fonseca A, Melo A, Rudnick H, Calmet M, Guerra J (1999) Competitive generation agreements in Latin American systems with significant hydro generation. IEEE Power Eng Rev 19(9):4–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barroso L, Rudnick H, Mocarquer S, Kelman R, Becerra B (2008) LNG in South America: the markets, the prices and the security of supply. IEEE Power Engineering Society 2008 General Meeting, Pittsburg, PA, July 2008Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2010) “Estudio para Análisis de Prefactibilidad Técnico Económica de Interconexión Eléctrica entre Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú (Study for the Technical-Economic Pre-feasibility Analysis of Electric Interconnection among Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru)”. January, 2010. Available upon requestGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enzo Sauma
    • 1
  • Samuel Jerardino
    • 2
  • Carlos Barria
    • 2
  • Rodrigo Marambio
    • 2
  • Alberto Brugman
    • 3
  • José Mejía
    • 3
  1. 1.Industrial and Systems Engineering DepartmentPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Kas Ingeniería S.ASantiagoChile
  3. 3.Estudios Energéticos LimitadaBogotáColombia

Personalised recommendations