Advertisement

Miscellaneous

  • Francisco de Asís Bravo-RodríguezEmail author
  • Rocío Díaz-Aguilera
Chapter
  • 2.8k Downloads
Part of the Learning Imaging book series (LEARN)

Abstract

Arachnoid cysts, also called leptomeningeal cysts, are congenital, benign, space-occupying cystic lesions that occur in the cerebrospinal axis in relation to the arachnoid membrane. They usually contain clear fluid that resembles cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) although they do not communicate with the ventricular system. Most cysts are unilateral, smoothly rounded, and adhere loosely to the dura. Their size ranges from small incidentally found cysts to large space-occupying lesions. Arachnoid cysts represent approximately 1% of all nontraumatic intracranial masses. The most common location is the floor of the middle cranial fossa, particularly anteriorly and parasagittally in the interhemispheric fissure. Cysts in the middle cranial fossa are more frequent in males than in females (ratio 3:1) and they occur predominantly on the left side. Other locations of arachnoid cysts include the suprasellar/chiasmatic site (cysts in this location may cause endocrinopathy); the cerebellopontine angle (11%); the quadrigeminal plate cistern (10%); in relationship with the vermis (9%); and in the prepontine/interpeduncular cistern (3%).

Keywords

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Arachnoid Cyst Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Herpes Simplex Encephalitis Intracranial Hypotension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Afshin Borhani H (2005) Neuro-Behcet disease: a review. Neurologist 11(2):80–89Google Scholar
  2. Akman-Demir G, Serdaroglu P, Tasçi B, Neuro-Behçet Study Group (1999) Clinical patterns of neurological involvement in Behçet’s disease: evaluation of 200 patients. Brain 122(11):2171–2182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Araji A, Kidd DP (2009) Neuro-Behçet’s disease: epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and management. Lancet Neurol 8(2):192–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armao D, Castillo M, Chen H, Kwock L (2000) Colloid cyst of the third ventricle: imaging-pathologic correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 21:1470–1477PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Arora A, Gupta R, Mahajan H (2010) A case of plunging ranula. http://www.eurorad.org/case.php?id=8474.  doi:10.1594/EURORAD/CASE.8474. Accessed July 7 2010
  6. Balakrishnan J, Becker PS, Kumar AJ (1990) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings in the brain. Radiographics 10(2):201–215PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Benito-León J, Reina MA, Alvarez-Linera J (2001) Intracranial hypotension syndrome. Neurologia 16(9):418–426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Bilginer B, Onal MB, Oguz KK, Akalan N (2009) Arachnoid cyst associated with subdural hematoma: report of three cases and review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst 25(1):119–124PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brant WE, Helms CA (1999) Fundamentals of diagnostic radiology, 2nd edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  10. Chang KH, Han MH (1998) MRI of CNS parasitic diseases. J Magn Reson Imaging 8(2):297–307PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chang L et al (1995) Radiologic-pathologic correlation cerebral toxoplasmosis and lymphoma in AIDS. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 16:1653–1663PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Demaerel P et al (1992) MRI of herpes simplex encephalitis. Neuroradiology 34(6):490–493PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. El Khoury C, Brugiéres P, Decq P et al (2000) Colloid cysts of the third ventricle: Are MR imaging patterns predictive of difficulty with percutaneous treatment? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 21:489–492PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Harnsberger et al (2002) Head and neck. Top 100 diagnosis. Pocket radiologist. Amirsys: 214–216Google Scholar
  15. Koelfen W et al (1996) MRI of encephalitis in children: comparison of CT and MRI in the acute stage with long-term follow-up. Neuroradiology 38:73–79PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kurabayashi T, Ida M, Yasumoto M et al (2000) MRI of ranulas. Neuroradiology 42:917–922PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Macdonald AJ, Salzman KL, Harnsberger HR (2003) Giant ranula of the neck: differentiation from cystic hygroma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:757–761PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Mandel L, Miremadi R (1997) CT scanning of the plunging ranula. Case report. N Y State Dent J 63:38–42PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Mann K, Jackson MA (2008) Meningitis. Pediatr Rev 29(12):417–429; quiz 430PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mathiesen T, Grane P, Lindgren L, Lindquist C (1997) Third ventricle colloid cysts: a consecutive 12-year series. J Neurosurg 86(1):5–12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Mirsattari S, McGinn G, Halliday W (2004) Neuro-Behcet disease with predominant involvement of the brainstem. Neurology 63:382–384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morton RP, Ahmad Z, Jain P (2010) Plunging ranula: Congenital or acquired? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 142:104–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ohta K, Obara K, Sakauchi M et al (2001) Lesion extension detected by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. J Neurol 248(9):809–811PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Osborn A (1994a) Diagnostic neuroradiology. Mosby, London, pp 639–642Google Scholar
  25. Osborn AG (1994b) Diagnostic neuroradiology. Mosby, London, p 700Google Scholar
  26. Pope T (2003) Aunt Minnie’s atlas imaging-specific diagnosis, 2nd edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  27. Pritz T. Herpes simplex encephalitis in Emergency Medicine Workup. E-medicine. Medscape referenceGoogle Scholar
  28. Ramsey RG, Gean AD (1997) Neuroimaging of AIDS. I. Central nervous system toxoplasmosis. Neuroimaging Clin N Am 7(2):171–186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Spelle L, Boulin A, Tainturier C et al (2001) Neuroimaging features of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Neuroradiology 43:622–627PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thurnher MM, Post MJ, Rieger A et al (2001) Initial and follow-up MR imaging findings in AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22(5):977–984PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. van de Beek D, de Gans J, Tunkel AR, Wijdicks EF (2006) Community-acquired bacterial meningitis in adults. N Engl J Med 354(1):44–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Van Tassel P, Cure JK (1995) Nonneoplastic intracranial cysts and cystic lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR 16(3):186–211PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco de Asís Bravo-Rodríguez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rocío Díaz-Aguilera
    • 2
  1. 1.Diagnostic and Therapeutics NeuroradiolgyReina Sofía University HospitalCórdobaSpain
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyAlto Guadalquivir HospitalAndújar, JaénSpain

Personalised recommendations