Auditory Brain-Computer/Machine-Interface Paradigms Design

  • Tomasz M. Rutkowski
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6851)


The paper discusses novel and interesting, from users’ point of view, design of auditory brain-computer/machine interfaces (BCI/ BMI) utilizing human auditory responses. Two concepts of auditory stimuli BCI/BMI are presented. The first paradigm is based on steady-state tonal or musical stimuli yielding satisfactory EEG response classification for several seconds long stimuli. The second discussed paradigm is based on spatial sound localization and the brain evoked responses estimation, requiring shorter than a second stimuli presentation. In conclusion the preliminary results are discussed and suggestions for further applications are drawn.


brain-computer-interface brain-machine-interface auditory neuroscience 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomasz M. Rutkowski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Life Science Center of TARAUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.RIKEN Brain Science InstituteWako-shiJapan

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