Error Decreasing of Background Subtraction Process by Modeling the Foreground
Background subtraction is often one of the first tasks involved in video surveillance applications. Classical methods use a statistical background model and compute a distance between each part (pixel or bloc) of the current frame and the model to detect moving targets. Segmentation is then obtained by thresholding this distance. This commonly used approach suffers from two main drawbacks. First, the segmentation is blinded done, without considering the foreground appearance. Secondly, threshold value is often empirically specified, according to visual quality evaluation; it means both that the value is scene-dependant and that its setting is not automated using objective criterion.
In order to address these drawbacks, we introduce in this article a foreground model to improve the segmentation process. Several segmentation strategies are proposed, and theoretically as well as experimentally compared. Thanks to theoretical error estimation, an optimal segmentation threshold can be deduced to control segmentation behaviour like hold an especially targeted false alarm rate. This approach improves segmentation results in video surveillance applications, in some difficult situations as non-stationary background.
KeywordsFalse Alarm Rate Segmentation Process Segmentation Strategy Error Decrease Move Object Detection
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