A Bit Modification Technique for Watermarking Images and Streaming Video

  • Kaliappan Gopalan
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 193)


This paper demonstrates a bit modification technique for embedding watermarks of known strings of data applied to a color image. For watermarking of images and video frames, low payload information can be embedded indiscernibly and with quick and easy manipulation of pixel bits. Robustness of the hidden watermark with added noise is shown as a tradeoff with visibility, as is the case with the size of the watermark. By retrieving the hidden watermark in an oblivious manner, the technique can be used in copyright and authentication applications. The simplicity of embedding and blind recovery with low level noise-resistance render the proposed technique suitable for imperceptible watermarking of still images and streaming video over public networks.


Watermarking Data embedding Oblivious retrieval Visual perception Bit modification 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaliappan Gopalan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringPurdue University CalumetHammondU.S.A.

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