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Eine persönlichkeitspsychologische Perspektive

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Einleitung

Persönlichkeit gehört zu den sehr schwer fassbaren Begriffen der Psychologie. Unter Persönlichkeit versteht man gemeinhin die Gesamtheit der Eigenschaften eines Individuums, die darüber bestimmen, wie wir unsere Umwelt wahrnehmen und wie wir mit ihr interagieren. Zu den Merkmalen der Persönlichkeit zählen das Temperament, der Intellekt sowie das Verhalten. Das Temperament beschreibt dabei die Art des Antriebs und der Aktivität, die sich in Form von Gefühlen, Willensbildung und Triebleben äußern. Langzeitstudien zeigen, dass das Temperament biologisch determiniert ist und von der frühen Kindheit über das Jugendalter bis in das frühe Erwachsenenalter beständig bleibt (Caspi u. Roberts 1999; Caspi 2000), während sich die Persönlichkeit im Laufe des Lebens durch gelernte Erfahrungen verändern kann.
Was ist Persönlichkeit?

Zur Beschreibung einzelner Persönlichkeitsdimensionen hat sich in den letzten Jahren das »Big Five «-Persönlichkeitsmodell durchgesetzt (Asendorpf 2004; John...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychologisches Institut der UniversitätHeidelbergDeutschland

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