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Wie beeinflussen neurobiologische Erkenntnisse die Psychotherapie?

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Einleitung

Der neurobiologische Erkenntnisgewinn zu den psychischen Erkrankungen ist in den letzten Jahren rasch angestiegen und hat unser Verständnis für ihre Symptomatik und Entstehung vertieft und verändert. Auch hat die Psychotherapie eine Stärkung ihrer Position durch die neurobiologische Forschung erfahren, vor allem durch den Nachweis von Veränderungen im Gehirn bei psychotherapeutisch erfolgreich Behandelten. Die anfangs z. T. euphorische Kenntnisnahme von entsprechenden Bildgebungsbefunden ist allerdings inzwischen eine Selbstverständlichkeit, geht doch verändertes menschliches Erleben und Verhalten stets mit der Modulation neuronaler Prozesse und zerebraler Strukturen einher. Positive Auswirkungen hatte die neurobiologische Erforschung von Psychotherapieeffekten auch auf die betroffenen Patienten selbst, können doch nachgewiesene Veränderungen im Gehirn vor allem solche Patienten für Psychotherapie gewinnen helfen, die stark somatisch geprägte Krankheitsmodelle haben.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Allgemeine Psychiatrie der UniversitätHeidelbergDeutschland

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