Advertisement

PC-Based Warning Mechanism System of Fall Risk in Elderly

  • Chih-Sheng Chang
  • Cherng-Yee Leung
  • Jeih-Jang Liou
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 174)

Abstract

It is difficult to recognize and classify movement patterns correctly. We have developed and evaluated a method to classify movement using contact forces during sit-to-stand (STS) movement in elderly people. We used the key points of the ground reaction force (GRF) to identify the sequence of important time points in the STS movement of elderly people. The data showed that the reaction forces had three distinctive patterns: typical-modal (t-modal), multi-modal (m-modal), and incompetent-modal (i-modal). This is the first study to identify STS patterns based on objective force data and key points. The STS patterns can be used to supplement the subjective Berg Balance Scale (BBS) score to provide a more precise analysis of STS movement in the elderly.

Keywords

BBS GRF 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Berg, K.O., Wood-Dauphinee, S.L., Williams, J.I., Gayton, D.: Measuring balance in the elderly: preliminary development of an Instrument. Physiotherapy Canada 41, 304–311 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Berg, K.O., Maki, B.E., Williams, J.I., Holliday, P.J., Wood-Dauphinee, S.L.: Clinical and laboratory measures of postural balance in an elderly population. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 73, 1073–1080 (1992)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chang, C.S., Leung, C.Y., Liou, J.J., Tsai, W.W.: Evaluation of key points in the sit-to-stand movement using two force platforms. Perceptual and Motor Skills 111(2), 496–502 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lipsitz, L.A., Jonsson, P.V., Kelley, M.M., Koestner, J.S.: Causes and correlates of recurrent falls in ambulatory frail elderly. Journal of Gerontology 46, M114-M122 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Newton, R.A.: Balance screening of an inner city older adult population. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 78, 587–591 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    O’meara, D.M., Smith, R.M.: The effects of unilateral grab rail assistance on the sit-to-stand performance of older aged adults. Human Movement Science 25, 257–274 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rogers, M.E., Rogers, N.L., Takeshima, N., Islam, M.M.: Methods to assess and improve the physical parameters associated with fall risk in older adults. Preventive Medicine 36(3), 255–264 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tinetti, M.E., Williams, T.F., Mayewski, R.: Fall risk index for elderly patients based on number of chronic disabilities. The American Journal of Medicine 80, 429–434 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chih-Sheng Chang
    • 1
  • Cherng-Yee Leung
    • 2
  • Jeih-Jang Liou
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of Product and Media DesignFo Gung UniversityTaiwan
  2. 2.The Department of Industrial DesignTatung UniversityTaiwan

Personalised recommendations