Virtual Reality as Knowledge Enhancement Tool for Musculoskeletal Pathology

  • Sophia Sakellariou
  • Vassilis Charissis
  • Stephen Grant
  • Janice Turner
  • Dianne Kelly
  • Chistodoulos Christomanos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6774)


Contemporary requirements of medical explanatory resources have sparked the initiative of developing a unique pilot application which could use real-time 3D visualisation in order to inform General Practitioners (GPs) and allied health professionals as well as educate patients on musculoskeletal issues and particularly lower back pain. The proposed application offers a selection of 3D spinal anatomical and pathological models with embedded information. The interface elements adhered to previous studies’ suggestions that the knowledge acquisition and ultimately the understanding of such motley three-dimensional subjects typically entails a strong grasp of the 3D anatomy to which it relates. The Human-Computer Interaction is simplified in order to empower the user to explore the healthy and pathogenic anatomy of the spine without the typical real-life constrains. The paper presents the design philosophy of the interface and the evaluation results from twenty user trials. Finally the paper discusses the results and offers a future plan of action.


VR 3D HCI Musculoskeletal Medical Education visual interface Low Back Pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Sakellariou
    • 1
  • Vassilis Charissis
    • 2
  • Stephen Grant
    • 3
  • Janice Turner
    • 4
  • Dianne Kelly
    • 4
  • Chistodoulos Christomanos
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyGartnavel General HospitalGlasgowUK
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Computing, Division of Computing and Creative TechnologiesGlasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsAyr HospitalAyrUK
  4. 4.Department of GP EducationNHS Education for ScotlandGlasgowUK
  5. 5.Core Lab + Ltd., Software Developing GroupGlasgowUK

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