Object Selection in Virtual Environments Performance, Usability and Interaction with Spatial Abilities

  • Andreas Baier
  • David Wittmann
  • Martin Ende
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6773)


We investigate the influence of users’ spatial orien ta tion and space relations ability on performance with six different interaction methods for object selection in virtual environments. Three interaction methods are operated with a mouse, three with a data glove. Results show that mouse based inter action methods perform better compared to data glove based methods. Usability ratings reinforce these findings. However, performance with the mouse based methods appears to be independent from users’ spatial abilities, whereas data glove based methods are not.


Object selection interaction method virtual environment input device performance usability spatial ability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bennett, G.K., Seashore, H.G., Wesman, A.G.: Differential Aptitude Tests (Space Relations Subtest). The Psychological Corporation, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bowman, D.A., Kruijff, E., LaViola, J.J., Poupyrev, I.: User Interfaces: Theory and Practice. Pearson Education, Inc., Boston (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 9: Requirements for non-keyboard input devices (ISO 9241-9:2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hegarty, M., Kozhevnikov, M., Waller, D.: Perspective Taking / Spatial Orientation Test. University of California, Santa Barbara (2008), Downloaded on April 16, 2010, Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Baier
    • 1
  • David Wittmann
    • 2
  • Martin Ende
    • 2
  1. 1.University of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Cassidian Air SystemsManchingGermany

Personalised recommendations