Spatio-Temporal Analysis Using Urban-Rural Gradient Modelling and Landscape Metrics

  • Marco Vizzari
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 6782)


Urbanization can be considered as a particular environmental gradient that produces modifications in the structures and functions of ecological systems. In landscape analysis and planning there is a clear need to develop specific and comparable indicators permitting the spatio-temporal quantification of this gradient and the study of its relationships with the composition and configuration of other land uses. This study, integrating urban gradient modelling and landscape pattern analysis, aims to investigate the spatiotemporal changes induced by urbanization and by other anthropogenic factors. Unlike previous studies, based on the transect approach, landscape metrics are calculated diachronically within five contiguous zones defined along the urban to rural gradient and characterized by decreasing intervals of settlement density. The results show that, within the study area, urban sprawl and agricultural land simplification remain the dominant forces responsible for the landscape modifications that have occurred during the period under investigation.


urban-rural gradient urban spatial modelling urban fringe agricultural landscapes landscape metrics kernel density analysis GIS 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Vizzari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Man and TerritoryUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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