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Nonlinear Optical Fibre Resonators with Applications in Electrical Engineering and Computing

  • S. LynchEmail author
  • A. L. Steele
Chapter
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

In 1969, Szöke et al. reported their first experiments on optical bistability [39] and Seidel filed his patent [29] on a bistable optical circuit. Both reported optical hysteresis and suggested applications. The two essential ingredients for bistability are nonlinearity and feedback. Bistability is a phenomenon where a given optical device can have two possible output powers for a given input power. In 1976, Gibbs [10] demonstrated bistability using a sodium-filled Fabry-Perot interferometer. Bistability is a hysteresis effect that is dependent upon the history of the system. There are two stable steady-states within a bistable region and the path followed is dependent upon whether the input power is increasing or decreasing. Consider Fig. 3.1 , the power is increased from zero and the output power follows the route A, B, C. The input power is then decreased back down to zero and the output power follows the route C, D, A, giving a counterclockwise bistable region. For an input power, x, say, there are two possible outputs depending on whether the input power is increasing or decreasing. This bistable behavior can be introduced through an absorption process or a dispersion process. With the first process a saturable absorber could be contained within a cavity [29].

Keywords

Input Power Bifurcation Diagram Linear Stability Analysis Ring Resonator Nonlinear Refractive Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computing, Mathematics and Digital TechnologyManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK
  2. 2.Department of ElectronicsCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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